Test accounting of monetary instruments, Cost Accounting

This question tested the accounting of monetary instruments, especially an asset held at reasonable value through loss or profit. The preparation of the journal for subsequent and initial measurement tested three key areas - treatment of transaction costs, the subsequent measurement at fair value and the recording of the loss/gain through profit or loss in the period.

The second part of the question tested the classification and initial recording of a changeable instrument and then successive measurement of the liability element. This tested the candidates understanding of the substance of instruments and then the detailed working of amortised cost which is a key computation for investments and liabilities at F2.

Recommended approach

Candidates should have prepared as a minimum two journal entries - one showing the amount of uplift in value with the gain recorded in profit for the period and the second on initial recording of the investment with transaction costs being written off to p/l.

The First part of the question required some narrative representing that candidates knew why the recording of the instrument would be split - equity and liability.

Although no initial journal entry was vital, candidates had to calculate the opening value of the liability to allow them to subsequently measure the liability using amortised cost.

Candidates should have relied on their indulgent of PV measuring to ascertain the PV of the principal amount of the liability and the PV of the interest income. The remaining balance should then have been clearly categorized to equity - candidates could have prepared a journal entry to exemplify their answer, although it was not purposely required.

(a) (i) Initial recording

Dr investment - HFT asset $600,000

Dr finance costs in profit or loss $30,000

Cr bank $630,000

Being the recording of 100,000 shares purchased at $6 per share and writing off the related transaction costs of $30,000 to profit or loss, as the investment is held for trading.

Subsequent measurement

Dr investment - HFT asset $40,000

Cr profit or loss - gain $40,000

Being the uplift in value in the HFT asset at 31 December 2012 ($640,000 - $600,000)

(b) (i) IAS 32 requires that the liability and equity elements within convertible instruments be initially recognised individually. The preliminary carrying amount of the liability is estimated by measuring the reasonable value of a similar instrument that has no conversion element. This is achieved by calculating the present value of the future cash flows related with the instrument assuming that it is not converted on deliverance (ie: the interest and principal repayment cash flows) discounted at the prevailing market rate for a related instrument without conversion rights. The diversity between this amount and the proceeds of issue (ie: the residual) is recognised as equity.

 

(ii) Value of liability as at 31 December 2013 Opening balance

$000

Finance cost at 8%

$000

Interest paid 6%

$000

Closing balance

$000

9,206 (W1)

737

(600)

9,343

 

Working 1 Liability element

$000

PV of the principal (at 8% for 5 years) = ($10m x 0.681)

6,810

PV of interest of 6% on $10m for 5 years = ($10m x 0.06 x 3.993)

2,396

Total value of liability element

9,206

 

Posted Date: 5/29/2013 5:23:04 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Test accounting of monetary instruments, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Test accounting of monetary instruments, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Test accounting of monetary instruments Discussions

Write discussion on Test accounting of monetary instruments
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
GZ Inc. manufactures two products that require both machine processing and labor operations. Although there is unlimited demand for both products, GZ could devote all its capacitie

when one firm purchase other and take over its all assets.balance sheet of absorbed firm shows goodwill,should we goodwill as well?

Cost Behaviour "Profitability is only around the corner." This is a general expression in the business world; you might have heard or said this yourself only. But, the reality

Amy earns $35,000 working part time. Consequently, she is not eligible to participate in her employer's retirement plan or health insurance program. Amy's expenses are summarized a

Hale Company makes sets of wrenches. They are trying to decide whether to continue to make the case the wrenches are sold in, or to outsource it to another company. The direct mate

explain fully the concept of the cost.how does cost accounting contribute to the effective and efficent management of an industrial established?

A firm uses capital and labor to produce a single output good. The production function is given by F(K, L) = K 2 L where K is the amount of capital and L is the amount of labor em

Piece Rate System - Labour Remuneration However an employee is paid a fixed amount for all units produced irrespective of time in use; the wages payable are computed like fo

In this exercise you will familiarize yourself with index models, beta and CAPM estimation. Download the spreadsheet data_question3.xlsx from Sakai and use the data contained there

The profit volume ratio of xltd. is 50% and the margin of safety is 40%.you are required to calculate the net profit if sales volume is rs.100,000?