Some Features of the Forests:
Forests are the most widespread stretches of vegetation, harbouring diverse kinds of life forms. They are dominated by trees. Besides trees, forest ecosystem includes various types of small plants, mosses, ferns, fpngi, several kinds of micro-organisms, insects, reptiles, birds, mammals and animals of diverse kinds. All these live under the soil or on it, and in thewater and air of the forest. Each organism is a part of the forest ecosystem, and each reacts with all the other organisms. But all require the energy to survive, which is provided by the sun and trapped by the foliage. Forests possess multi-layered structure termed as stratification . This makes available space for living for a wide variety of plant and animal species. For example, there are small, tender plants, that form the lower most layer. Them there are small shrubs which form the second layer. A third layer may consist of small trees. And the tall trees that form roof or canopy of the entire vegetation may constitute the fourth layer. Various kinds of animal life, depending on their living habits, occur in different layers, of vegetation.