Sodium iodide crystal (nai), Physics

Sodium iodide crystal (NaI)


It scintillate with good efficiency when gamma ray is absorbed, these crystals where attached directly to the PTM to detect a weak flashes of light .They where improved by adding a trace amounts of thallium(Tl)and often referred as NaI(Tl) detector. It is the most widely used detector in medicine .

A nuclear medicine scintillation detector system


1-Scince the NaI(Tl)detector is very sensitive ,it has to be well shielded from background  radiation .
2- five or more cm of lead surrounding the NaI(Tl)crystal except at the collimator .
3-The electron emitted at the photocathode of PTM produce an electrical pulse  at the output .
4-this pulse is electronically amplified at the amplifier.
5-The pulse can be directly counted by the scalar.
6-The pulse pass to the single channel  pulse height analyzer(PHA) to determine the energy of the gamma rays

It contain  an upper discriminator (it rejects the pulses larger than a chosen size)

                  lower  discriminator ( reject the pulses smaller than a chosen size)

                 window(it is the energy difference between the upper and lower limits )


Multi Chanel analyzer (MCA): it determine the pulse height distribution of all the pulses from the detector ,so it sorts the pulses according to the size.

 

12_Sodium iodide crystal (NaI).png

Posted Date: 10/1/2012 7:05:10 AM | Location : United States







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