Set up of phototherapy unit, Biology

Set Up of Phototherapy Unit

Phototherapy generally consists of four to eight cool white, day bright, or special blue fluroescent tube lights covered by a plastic shield and placed about 18 or 45 cm inches away from the baby. The spectrum of light at 420-460 nm is the most effective. The energy output in this spectrum should be checked periodically to ensure efficiency. The efficiency of phototherapy depends on energy output of
the spectrum and on the surface area of the infant exposed to those lights.Though, blue lights are the most effective, they are not widely used because they mask the clinical signs of cyanosis and colour change in the infant. While light permits better visual monitoring. The plastic shield absorbs ultra-violet irradiation. A photo-reaction occurs in the very outer layers (top 2 mm) of the skin. Once phototherapy has been initiated, serum levels of bilirubin must be monitored frequently (every 4-12 hours) because visual assessment of icterus is no longer valid.

Place the infant naked under the lights with shielding over the eyes. A small cloth may be placed for scrotum protection in male babies the infant's position should be changed frequently. This permits maximal skin exposure to the lights. Make sure that baby is 18 inches or 45 cm away from light.

Posted Date: 10/27/2012 6:35:03 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Set up of phototherapy unit, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Set up of phototherapy unit, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Set up of phototherapy unit Discussions

Write discussion on Set up of phototherapy unit
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Normal 0 false false false EN-IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4

Name and explain the mechanisms of heat loss that are contributing to Joel's feelings of coldness. Be sure to name ALL the mechanisms that are contributing!

Frog fema reproductive system

The water on earth surface constitutes hydrosphere. About 75% of earth surface is covered with water and 97% of that water is present in oceans, which is very salty. We are only

What do carbon chains have in common with a skeletal system?

SAFETY MEASURES IN THE ADMINISTRATION OF DRUGS It is essential to revise the five "Rights" before administration of medication to the paediatric group. These as you know are:


Describe in brief about retina The retina is a highly complex layer of nervous tissue. The photoreceptors are rods and cones for scotopic and photopic vision respectively. The

Define Neurological disorders of non- nutritional etiology? Some of the common disorders are Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, and spinal and neuro trauma.

Explain the carrying capacity in ecology? Carrying Capacity :  We have seen that natural populations do not normally achieve the maximum intrinsic rate of natural increase, o