A specification of a function TOARR is given below.
function TOARR(n in Int, s in Stack of Int) return in Array of Int pre n ≥ 0.
post The returned value is an array of size n. It contains items from the stack s, copied in the order in which they appear in s, but with the top item from s in the position with index 1 in the returned array, and so on.
If the stack s contains more than n items, then only the top n items are copied to the returned array.
If the stack s contains fewer than n items, then the returned array is filled up with 0s.
For example, TOARR(6, [1,2,3]) = [3,2,1,0,0,0];
TOARR(4, [1,2,3,4,5]) = [5,4,3,2].
(a) What value is returned by TOARR(n,s) when s is [0,1,2,3,4] and n is 3? [1 mark] (b) The code in XImp below is intended to implement TOARR.
var theArr in Array (of size 4) of Int var index in Int
var temp in Stack of Int temp <-- s
for (index < 1 to n)
if (SIZE(s) > 0) then
temp <-- POP(temp)
(i) Suppose that the stack s is [0, 1, 2, 3, 4] and n is 3. With these inputs, trace the execution of XImp. Give a trace table showing the values of the variables theArr, index and temp after each execution of the body of the loop.
What value is returned by XImp with these inputs?
(ii) Your trace in part (i) should show that XImp is not a correct implementa- tion of TOARR. By referring to the specification of TOARR, explain why the trace shows the implementation to be incorrect. (Your explanation here does not need to refer to the details of the code in XImp.)
(c) Explain how XImp can be modified to make it correct. ( It is sufficient to give the changes which are needed in order to make the code correct. You do not need to repeat parts of the given code that do not need changing). [6 marks]
(d) Use the WorkPad to test your corrected implementation.
Save the WorkPad file which you use to test your implementation. Include the contents of this file as part of your Solution Document. ( It is sufficient to show t e s t s when s is [0, 1, 2, 3, 4] and n is 3, and for two other suitably chosen input cases.)