Prove that if x is a real number then [2x] = [x] + [x + ½ ], Mathematics

Prove that if x is a real number then

[2x] = [x] + [x + ½ ]

Ans: Let us consider x be any real number. It comprises two parts: integer and fraction. With no loss of any type of generality, fraction part can all time be made +ve. For instance, -1.3 can be written as -2 + 0.7.

Here now write x = a + b, and [x] = a (integer part only of the real x). The fraction part b requires to considered in two cases: 

0 < b < 0.5 and 0.5 ≤ b < 1.

Case 1: 0 < b < 0.5; In this case [2x] = 2a, and [x] +[x + .5] = a + a = 2a

Case 2: 0.5 ≤ b < 1; In this case [2x] = 2a + 1, and [x] +[x + .5] = a + (a + 1) = 2a +1

Hence [2x] = [x] + [x + .5]

Posted Date: 5/3/2013 4:00:00 AM | Location : United States







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