Properties of exponential form, Mathematics

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Properties

1.   The domain of the logarithm function is (0, ∞ ) .  In other terms, we can just plug positive numbers into a logarithm! We can't plug in zero or a negative number.

2.    logb b = 1

3.    logb 1 = 0

4.    logb bx= x

5.    blogb= x

The final two properties will be especially useful into the next section.  Notice that these last two properties tell us that,

f( x ) = b x              and g( x ) = logb x

are inverses of each of other.

Following are some more properties which are useful in the manipulation of logarithms.

More Properties

6.   logbxy= logb  x + logb  y

7.   logb (x/y)=       logb  x - logb  y

8.   logb( xr) = r logb  x

Note as well that there is no equivalent property to the first two for sums & differences. In other terms,

logb( x + y ) ≠ logb  x + logb  y

logb(x - y ) ≠ logb  x - logb  y


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