Prolog programming language - artificial intelligence, Computer Engineering

Prolog Programming Language - Artificial intelligence:

Most of the programming languages are procedural: the programmer specifies exactly the correct instructions (algorithms) required to get an agent to function correctly. It wonders for many people that there is another way to write programs. Program is declarative programming when the user declares what the output to a function should look like given some information regarding the input. The agent then searches for an answer which fits the declaration, and returns any it finds.

As an instance, suppose a parent asking their child to run to the shop and buy some groceries. To do this in a declarative fashion,in simple manner, the parent needs to write shopping list. The parents have "programmed" their child to perform their work in the knowledge that the child has underlying search routines which will enable her orhim to get to the shop, find and buy the groceries, and later come home. To instruct their child in a procedural fashion, they would need to tell the child to go out of the front door, turn right, walk down the street, stop after 60 steps, and so on.

We see that declarative programming languages may have some advantages over procedural ones. Actually, it is often said that a Java program written to do the same as a Prolog program typically takes about 10 times the number of lines of code. Many Artificial Intelligence researchers try out an idea in Prolog before implementing it more completely in other languages; because Prolog may be used to perform searches in simple way (see later).

A well-known declarative language which is used many times by Artificial Intelligence researchers is Prolog, which is centred on first-order logic. For any specific declarative programming language, the 2 most important aspects are: how information is denoted, and the underlying search routines upon which the language is based. Robert Kowalski put this in the most succinct way:

Algorithm = Control +Logic

 

Posted Date: 10/2/2012 7:08:48 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Prolog programming language - artificial intelligence, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Prolog programming language - artificial intelligence, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Prolog programming language - artificial intelligence Discussions

Write discussion on Prolog programming language - artificial intelligence
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Write a procedure which divides a 32-bit number by a 16-bit number. The procedure must be general which is it's defined in one module and can be called from another assembly module

A palindrome is a string that reads the same from both the ends. Given a string S convert it to a palindrome by doing character replacement. Your task is to convert S to palindrome

Q. Show the characteristic of cache memory? The essential characteristic of cache memory is its fast access time. So very little or no time should be wasted when searching for

Q. Role of information system in business? Ans. 1. Information System is grouping of two terms namely - 1) Information 2) System 1. Information - Information is dat

Vuser_init action haves procedures to login to a server.

Q. Era of first generation computers? The trends that were encountered at the time of the era of first generation computers were: Centralized control in a single CPU (al

a. What are the activities included during the process of developing a formal specification of a sub-system interface? b. Explain the Pair Programming? What are the benefits of


Explain the differences between Paging and segmentation. Paging and segmentation P aging Segmentation Computer memory is separa