Program for initialize two row lcd, Assembly Language

init_lcd                        ;(this initialises a 2 row lcd)

    bcf     TRISA,0             ;PORTA bit 0 as an output (lcd RS pin)
    bcf     TRISA,1             ;PORTA bit 1 as an output (lcd R/W pin)
    bcf     TRISA,2             ;PORTA bit 2 as an output (lcd E pin)

    
    bcf     lcd_rs
    bcf     lcd_rw
    bcf     lcd_en
    movlw   b'00110000'         ;Instruction - function set. First of 3
    call    lcd_write
    call    Delay5              ;wait MORE THAN 4.1mS


    movlw   b'00110000'         ;Instruction - function set. Second of 3
    call    lcd_write
    movlw   .33                 ;wait MORE THAN 100uS [(33 x 3) +1 +1 + (1 x 2)] - measured 102uS on scope
    movwf   counta              ;1 cycle
    decfsz  counta              ;1 cycle until true then a 2 cycle
    goto    $-2                 ;2 cycle instruction

    movlw   b'00110000'         ;Instruction - function set. Third of 3
    call    lcd_write

    movlw   b'00111000'         ;8 bit data / 2 line display / 5x8 character font
    call    lcd_write
    call    busy

    movlw   b'00001111'         ;instruction bit / display on / cursor position on / blinking cursor on
    call    lcd_write
    call    busy

    movlw   b'00000001'
    call    lcd_write
    call    busy

    movlw   b'00000110'         ;increment cursor position by 1 / don't shift display
    call    lcd_write
    call    busy

    return  ;return from initialization routine

lcd_write

    movwf   lcd_data            ;data to port
    bsf     lcd_en              ;sets LCD enable pin high
    bcf     lcd_en              ;data is latched into lcd on high to low transition of E

    return

busy

    bsf     TRISC,7             ;was output when sending init data, now input to read busy flag
    bsf     lcd_rw              ;set high to read data from lcd
    bsf     lcd_en              ;enable
    btfsc   lcd_busy            ;is the busy flag low?
    goto    $-2                 ;no, go back and keep checking until it is
    bcf     lcd_en              ;busy flag now clear
    bcf     lcd_rw              ;set lcd back to write mode
    bcf     TRISC,7             ;port bit as an output again

    return
Delay30
        movlw   .30             ;delay 30mS
        goto    d0
Delay5
        movlw   .5              ;delay 5ms
d0      movwf   count1
d1      movlw   0xC7
        movwf   counta
        movlw   0x01
        movwf   countb
Delay_0
        decfsz  counta
        goto    $+6
        decfsz  countb
        goto    Delay_0
        decfsz  count1
        goto    d1

        retlw   .0              ;return from the delay routine

Posted Date: 3/5/2013 4:26:44 AM | Location : United States







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