Process based layout, Operation Management

Process Based Layout

In this layout machines and services are grouped on a functional basis operation of the same type are performed in the same area. For example all welding work is carried out at one place and all turning in another. This layout is normally used where Expensive machinery is required, Production involves a large variety of items having limited volume in each type, Operations are not balanced in time and When the demand is small and intermittent.

Such a layout is particularly useful where the volume of manufacturing is low and the variety of jobs is great ( in a job ship every customer order is unique). Here the layout should provide tremendous flexibility in the sequence of operations because the sequence of operation for one job is different from that of another job. For this reason in all job shop types of production, work areas are grouped together as shown in figure aside:
While grouping machines according to process types certain principles must be kept in mind. These are:

1597_Process Based Layout.png

  •  The distance between department needs to be as short as possible with a view to avoiding long distance movement of materials.
  •  Though like machines are ground in one department, the departments themselves should be located in accordance with the principle of sequence of operations. For example in a steel plant the operations are melting casting rolling and twisting. These different departments may be arranged in that order to avoid crossovers and lack tracking of materials.
  •  Convenience for inspection.
  •  Convenience for supervision, process layout may be advantageously used in light and heavy engineering industries, made to order furniture industries and the like.

 

Posted Date: 1/11/2013 7:29:32 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Process based layout, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Process based layout, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Process based layout Discussions

Write discussion on Process based layout
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
What should Peter recommend to Gwyn about Dana's case?

Mary Ann has always loved to cook and is interested in starting a catering business. Being aware of the failure rate of new businesses, she is considering buying an existing cateri

In the table given below the Distribution Manager is expected to service these DCs as per the demands placed. If the actual sales after completing week one is as follows, what woul

Choose an Operations Management problem relating to an organisation of your choice and undertake a critical review.

Production Planning and Control (PPC) Production in manufacturing comprise  a series  of steps by  which  material is given  a new  form to  satisfy a predetermined objective,

Google's strategy 2010: identify the issues management needs to address. Analyze and evaluate the issues identified based on the information provided in the case. Recommend a set o

The project sponsor is the person or group that provides financial resources, in cash or in kind, for the project.

What do you understand by “line balancing”? What happens if balance doesn’t exist?

what is product interval time product duration?

Layout Homework Problems 6. Avalanche, Inc. is a manufacturer of premium snow skis. The work is a combination of precision machining and skilled craftsmanship. Before completion, s