Problems on Cantilever Truss:
In the case of cantilever trusses, it is not required to determine the support reactions. The forces in members of cantilever truss are obtained by begning the calculations from free end of cantilever.
Q Determine forces in all the member of cantilever truss shown in the figure given below
Sol.: From ?ACE, we have
tan θ = AE/AC = 4/6 = 0.66 ...(i)
Also,
cos θ = AC/EC = 6/7.21 = 0.8321 ... (iii)
sin θ = AE/CE = 4/7.21 = 0.5548
Joint C:
Consider free body diagram of joint C as shown in the given figure;
As the three forces are acting, so apply lami's theorem at the joint C.
T_{BC}/sin(90  θ) = TCD/sin270 = 2000/sin θ
T_{BC}/cos θ = TCD/sin 270 = 2000/sin θ
T_{BC }= 2000/tan θ = 2000/0.66 = 3000.3N ...(v)
Joint B:
T_{BC} = 3000.3N (Tensile) .......ANS
T_{CD} =  2000/sin θ = 2000/0.55 = 3604.9N ...(vi)
T_{CD} = 3604.9N (Compressive) .......ANS
Consider free body diagram of joint B as shown in the given figure
As, T_{B}_{C} = 3000.3N
Let, T_{A}_{B} = Force in the member AB
T_{D}_{B} = Force in member DB
As the four forces are acting at the joint B, So apply resolution of forces at joint B
R_{H} = T_{A}_{B}  T_{B}_{C} = 0, T_{A}_{B} = T_{BC }= 3000.03 = T_{AB}
T_{A}_{B} = 3000.03 ...(vii)
T_{A}_{B} = 3000.03N (Tensile) .......ANS
R_{V} =  TDB  2000 = 0
T_{D}_{B} = 2000N ...(viii)
T_{DB }= 2000N (compressive) .......ANS
Joint D:
Consider free body diagram of joint D as shown in figure given below
As, T_{D}_{B} =  2000N
T_{CD} = 3604.9N
Let, T_{A}_{D } = Force in member AD
T_{D}_{E} = Force in member DE
As the four forces are acting at the joint D, So apply resolution of forces at
By solving equation (ix) and (x),
Member

AB

BC

CD

DE

DB

AD

Force in N

3000.03

3000.03

3604.9

5542.31

2000

1818.18

Nature
C = Compression
T = Tension

T

T

C

T

C

C
