Primary prevention - levels of prevention, Biology

Assignment Help:

Primary Prevention:

Primary prevention should have the following goals: 

i)  Ascertaining at the risk population and  the high risk situations where stressful life events are the precipitating factors. 

ii)  Providing services to strengthen coping resources of  these groups  to prevent development of  symptoms. 

Concrete Measures in Prevention 

1)  Individual  Centred Measures 

Child care and child-rearing measures include: 

  • Antenatal care  to mother and  educating her  regarding the adverse effects of  irradiation, drugs and prematurity. 
  • Ensuring timely  and efficient  obstetrical assistance  to guard against the ill effects of  anoxia, injury at birth. 
  • Liberalization of laws regarding termination of  pregnancy, when it is unwanted. 
  • Counselling of  the parents of  physically and mentally handicapped children, with  particular reference to  the nature of  defects. The parents need  to accept and emotionally support the child and be satisfied with limited goals. 
  • Programmes to enrich child mother relationship by  stressing the importance of warm accepting intimate relationship, and avoiding the prolonged separation of  mother and child, are essential. 

Programmes Oriented to the Chid in the School 

These programmes are essential, as the school plays an  important role in the childs life next to  the family,  in moulding the child's personality on healthy lines. The quality of  the child's cognitive achievement has an enormous effect on his capacity to adapt  to  the  rapidly changing world. Early signs of learning difficulties or behavioural abnormalities can be detected, and timely corrective measures can  be taken  through  professional help. The  teachers should be taught to identify the symptoms of  abnormal conduct and behaviour in the children and  refer cases to appropriate agencies.  


Related Discussions:- Primary prevention - levels of prevention

What are plankton, What are plankton, benthos and nekton? Plankton, ben...

What are plankton, benthos and nekton? Plankton, benthos and nekton are the three groups into which aquatic living beings may be divided. The plankton is formed by algae and

Describe cluster analysis, Q. Describe Cluster analysis? After making a...

Q. Describe Cluster analysis? After making a similarity table, it is then rearranged so that OTU's whose members have the highest mutual similarity are brought together. This c

The first carbon having 2 h atoms, Given a polymer backbone of H-C-C with t...

Given a polymer backbone of H-C-C with the first carbon having 2 H atoms attached and the 2nd carbon with 3 atoms attached, a bond with a water molecule attaches to the left H atom

What are the typical fauna of the tropical forests, What are the typical ve...

What are the typical vegetation and the typical fauna of the tropical forests? In the vegetation of the tropical forests broadleaf evergreen trees predominate. On the top of th

How to calculate the raw score for each scale, How to calculate the raw sco...

How to calculate the raw score for each scale The raw score for each scale is the sum of the 0, 1 and 2 item scores. Thus, the higher the score, the poorer the performance. Th

Induction in metamorphosis, Induction in Metamorphosis Some of the mo...

Induction in Metamorphosis Some of the morphogenetic changes throughout metamorphosis are found fo be quite independent of hormone action. For instance, generally during meta

Dissolved oxygen - aquatic habitats, Dissolved oxygen - Aquatic Habitats ...

Dissolved oxygen - Aquatic Habitats Oxygen in the terrestrial ecosystems occurs in the atmosphere along with other gases in a certain fixed concentration however, in aquatic e

How does the federal government regulate plant-incorporated, How does the f...

How does the federal government regulate plant-incorporated protectants and ensure their safe use in foods? EPA regulates the manufacture, sale and use of pesticides, containin

Write Your Message!

Captcha
Free Assignment Quote

Assured A++ Grade

Get guaranteed satisfaction & time on delivery in every assignment order you paid with us! We ensure premium quality solution document along with free turntin report!

All rights reserved! Copyrights ©2019-2020 ExpertsMind IT Educational Pvt Ltd