Preparation and analysis of final accounts, Accounting Standards

The main function of accounting is to accumulate accounting data so as to calculate the profit and loss made through the business firm throughout and also to KNOW the financial position of the business on a specified date. A business can ascertain this through preparing the last Accounts. Preparation of last accounts from a trial balance is the last phase of the accounting process. Final accounts include the preparation of Trading and Profit and Loss Account and the Balance Sheet, though the Balance Sheet is not an account but merely a statement. Trading and Loss and Profit Account are simply one account that is usually divided in two sections. The first section is termed as the Trading Account and the second section the Loss and Profit Account. In condition of manufacturing concerns, last Accounts also comprise the Manufacturing Account.

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