Pre-operational stage-development learning maths, Mathematics

Pre-operational Stage :  This period of a child's cognitive development usually begins at the age of 2, and lasts until about the age of 6. Thus, it usually coincides with the preschool age. In the pre operational stage the child's judgements are based on how things appear, rather than on adult logic. For example, a child may not realise that certain actions can be reversed. And therefore, she thinks that the volume of milk decreases as it is poured out of a thin long glass into a shorter wider one. Or that the same objects placed further apart in a lines to form a longer line, are more in quantity. Haven't you, at one time or another, exploited this inability of the preschooler to conserve? I have done so, for instance, when my four-year-old nephew insists on having a full cold drink. I pour the drink out from the half-full tall glass into a small glass. This way he gets a full glass of the cold drink, which makes him happy.

E1) Give two more examples from your own experience, where a child's judgement is based on visual perception, rather than on logic.

It is at this stage-that an average child learns how to handle some numbers consistently and how to apply them to a variety of everyday situations. A two year-old learns to distinguish between 2 toy cars and 3 toy cars merely by looking at the group of cars, in just the same way as she learns to use her visual perception to distinguish between a car and a bus. However, she cannot make out the difference between a collection of 8 cars and one of 9 by just looking at them.

She will have to learn to count to compare these sets or larger ones. Children appreciate the concepts of 'more' and 'less' much before they can even count or conserve quantity. This is because preschoolers think in patterns, and therefore, rely a lot on their own perception. Children can recognise shapes much before they can reproduce them. They can 'read' pictures much earlier than they can read words. You must have observed young children recognising human and animal drawings with ease, and yet not being able to reproduce even a square or a triangle with the same ease. Similarly, a young child who can remember how to go from one place to another often finds it very difficult to describe the route verbally or pictorially. It is a child's ability to recognise patterns that enables her to 'read' words that she has often seen, without recognising even a single alphabet.

If you give preschoolers some objects to count, you will be surprised to learn that they can recognise, count and even add and subtract small numbers before they can conserve number. They work with a small number of objects perceptually, and deal with them without counting. This is why numbers up to 4 or 5 are also called perceptual numbers.

 But the usual preschooler does not understand the idea of relative size. She can only compare two objects at a time. For her, quantity can be either "More" or "less", not "more than this, but less than that", and also not "more, less and lesser". For her, size is also either big or small, there's no in-between. Because of this, she may also not be able to order objects according to, size and length, or ,sequence events.

Posted Date: 4/24/2013 2:49:28 AM | Location : United States

Related Discussions:- Pre-operational stage-development learning maths, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Pre-operational stage-development learning maths, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Pre-operational stage-development learning maths Discussions

Write discussion on Pre-operational stage-development learning maths
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
need help to write Marketing research reprot about IBM company using spss (statistical program) to analys the given data about the company and write the report according to given i

Domain and range of a functio:  One of the more significant ideas regarding functions is that of the domain and range of a function. In simplest world the domain of function is th

The perimeter of a rectangle is 21 inches. What is the measure of its width if its length is 3 inches greater than its width? Let x = the width of the rectangle. Let x + 3 = th

Two  ships  are  sailing  in  the  sea  on  either  side  of  a  lighthouse;  the  angles  of depression of two ships as observed from the top of the lighthouse are 600  and 450 re

Consider the regression model  Y i = a + bX i + u i ,  where the  X i   are non-stochastic and the  u i   are independently and identically distributed with  E[u i ] = 0  and  va

creative assignment about sets

Set M= {m''s/m is a number from 5 to 10}

Two boats leave the same port at the same time. One travels at a constant speed of 30 km/hr at a bearing of 50° and the other on a bearing of 110° at a constant speed of 26 km/hr.

Karen is buying a wallpaper border for her bedroom, that is 12 ft by 13 ft If the border is sold in rolls of 5 yards each, how many rolls will she required to purchase? The dis

Rejection and Acceptance regions All possible values which a test statistic may either suppose consistency along with the null hypothesis as acceptance region or lead to the re