Planning and implementing nursing care-nephrotic syndrome, Biology

Planning of Nursing Care 

  1. Promote nonnal urinary pattern or releive  excess  fluid 
  2. Administer medication  as prescribed 
  3. Protect the children from secondary  infection 
  4. Control oedema and maintain proper  fluid balance 
  5. Provide nuitritious  and therapeutic diet 
  6. Prevent infection and'prevent  skin breakdown 
  7. Provide emotional support and educate  the parents 
  8. Provide proper  follow up and discharge advises. 

Implementation of Nursing Care 

Administration of Medication 

Your responsibility is to give exact and accurate, prescribed dose of corticosteroids i.e.  prednislone which is given in a daily dose of 2 mg/kg up to  (maximum of 80 mg) in divided doses  for 24 hours. This helps to reduce the protein excretion.  The therapy is 4 continued until the child is protein free and then the dose is  tapered for about 1  to 31 weeks before discontinuing the drug. Your major responsibility  as a nurse  in drug administration is to watch the  child for any untoward side effects of the drug, such as gastrointestinal bleeding  and ulcers, behavioural  or personality changes. These should be immediately reported.You need to be aware of relapse in which case additional steroid therapy is prescribed. 

Control Oedema and Maintain Fluid Balance 

It is your responsibility  to monitor  the  sodium and fluid intake. Salt  intake is restricted during oedema and the child may be assessed for venous stasis, ascites which is measured by measuring abdomina girth. Drugs to relieve oedema are accurately given and daily weight record and strict intake out output record must be maintained  daily. 

Nutrition  and Therapeutic Diet 

Child should be provided with well balanced diet with high protein content. The carbohydrate  and fat content of diet should be high enough to prevent protein utilisation. Since these children have poor appetite, small quantities of attractively  arranged favourite foods should be served  to them. Meeting the child's daily nutritional needs assists in healing and prevents tissue break down and infection. 

Prevent Infection and Skin Breakdown 

The child with nephrotic syndrome is prone to get infection, and oedema may lead to skin break down. You as a nurse need to be careful in monitoring the vital signs to assess any sign of  infection. So that appropriate antibiotic therapy as prescribed may be administered. The child with oedema should be assessed daily for any break in skin. The skin breakdown should be prevented by good skin care i.e. daily bath, frequent change of position, avoiding the friction to skin etc. Edematous eyelids should be cleaned with warm saline swabs. Support should be provided to edematous scrotum. Other measures include avoiding exposure to heat or cold, provide loose clothing and avoid irritation, and keep the enils short to avoid scratching in order to prevent mechanical skin injury. 

Emotional Support and Education to Parents 

Problems resulting from nephrotic syndrome  like, growth abnormalities, oedema and ascites may create disturbance in these children, so these children should be encouraged to express their feelings about themselves and disease outcome. They should be given moral and psychological support to overcome worry and fear. 

Posted Date: 10/27/2012 1:26:11 AM | Location : United States

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