Performance budget: it involves evaluation of the performance of the organization in the context of both overall and specific objectives of the organization. As per the National Institute of Bank Management, performance budgeting is the procedure of identifying, analyzing, simplifying and crystallizing particular performance objectives of a job to be achieved over a period in the frame work of the organizational objectives, the idea and the objectives of the job. Performance budgeting needs preparation of performance reports which compare the actual data and budget and demonstrate the variances existing between both. The responsibility for preparing these reports lies with the respective departmental head. Every departmental head will be supplied with a copy of the section of the master budget suitable to his sphere. This report may be prepared regularly, every week, month or any basis based on the size of business and the budget period. The reason of submitting these reports is to convey promptly the information about the deviations in actual and budgeted activity to the decision makers so that necessary corrective actions can be taken to correct the deviations.
Several ADVANTAGES of Performance budgeting is as follows:
Fundamentals for a successful adoption of Performance budgeting are:
• The accounting system should be suitably detailed and co-ordinate to offer necessary data for reports designed for the particular use of the individual or cost centers having primary responsibility for specific costs.