At times oral presentation of the results of the study is considered effective particularly in case where policy recommendations are indicated by project results. The merit of this approach lies in the fact that it provides an opportunity for give and take decisions which generally lead to a better understanding of the findings and their implications but the main demerit of this sort of presentation is the lack of any permanent record concerning the research details and it may be just possible that the findings may fade away fade away from people memory even before an action is taken. In order overcome this difficulty a written report may be circulated before the oral presentation and referred to frequently during the discussion. Oral presentation is effective when supplemented by various devices. Use of slides wall charts and blackboards is quite helpful in contributing to clarity and in reducing the boredom if any distributing a board outline with a few important tables and charts concerning the research results makes the listeners attentive who have a ready outline on which to focus their thinking. This very often happens in academic institutions where the researcher discusses his research findings and policy implication with others either in a seminar or in a group discussion.
Thus research results can be reported in more than one ways but the usual practice adopted in academic institutions particularly is that of writing the technical report and then preparing several research papers to be discussed at various forums in one form for the other. But in practical field and with problems having policy implications the techniques followed is that writing a popular report. Researcher done on governmental account or on behalf of some major public or private organizations are usually presented in the form of technical report.