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Network sampling is a sampling design in which the simple random sample or strati?ed sample of the sampling units is made and all observational units which are linked to any of the selected sampling units are taken. Different observational units might be linked to different numbers of sampling units. In the survey for estimation of the prevalence of a rare disease, for instance, a random sample of medical centers may be chosen. From the records of each medical centre in sample, records of the patients who are treated for the disease of interest could be extracted. A given patient might have been treated at more than one centre and the more centers at which the treatment has been taken, the higher the inclusion probability for the patient's records.

#### Mauchly test, Mauchly test is a test which a variance-covariance matrix of...

Mauchly test is a test which a variance-covariance matrix of pair wise differences of responses in the set of longitudinal data is the scalar multiple of identity matrix, a proper

#### Explain markers of disease progression, Markers of disease progression : Qu...

Markers of disease progression : Quantities which form a general monotonic series throughout the course of the disease and assist with its modelling. In uasual such quantities are

#### Correlated failure times, Data which occur when failure period is recorded ...

Data which occur when failure period is recorded which are dependent. Such type of data can arise in number contexts, for instance, in epidemiological cohort studies in which th

#### Continual reassessment method, Continual reassessment method: An approach ...

Continual reassessment method: An approach which applies Bayesian inference for determining the maximum tolerated dose in a phase I trial. The method starts by assuming a logistic

#### Mean-range plot, Mean-range plot   is the graphical tool or device usefu...

Mean-range plot   is the graphical tool or device useful in selecting a transformation in the time series analysis. The range is plotted against the mean for each of the seasona

#### Biplots, Biplots: It is the multivariate analogue of the scatter plots, wh...

Biplots: It is the multivariate analogue of the scatter plots, which estimates the multivariate distribution of the sample in a few dimensions, typically two and superimpose on th

#### Generalized estimating equations (gee), Technically the multivariate analog...

Technically the multivariate analogue of the quasi-likelihood with the same feature that it leads to consistent inferences about the mean responses without needing specific supposi

#### Clinical trials, Clinical trials : Medical experiments designed to assess w...

Clinical trials : Medical experiments designed to assess which of two or more treatments is much more effective. It is based on one of the oldest philosophy of the scienti?c resear

Your first task is to realize two additional data generation functions. Firstly, extend the system to generate random integral numbers based on normal distribution. You need to stu

#### Half-normal plot, Half-normal plot is a  plot for diagnosing the model inad...

Half-normal plot is a  plot for diagnosing the model inadequacy or revealing the presence of outliers, in which the absolute values of, for instance, the residuals from the multipl