Below is the N-terminus of an open reading frame of a gene that has been cloned into the E. coli expression plasmid pTrcHis.
M S L P Q S R W V A C F S I E G I L Y P
This gene encodes an enzyme in which the N-terminal cysteine amino acid is thought to be the active site of the enzyme. You have been asked to change this amino acid into a tryptophan to assess what effect this may have on its in vitro enzyme activity.
Design a site-directed mutagenesis experiment to perform this amino acid alteration; including showing the nucleotide sequences of the primers that would be required to make such a change. Design the primers to result in maximum efficiency of PCR product formation, which entails not only generating PCR product from the parental template, but also DNA that has been newly synthesised from the PCR reaction itself.