Mycotic diseases, Biology

Mycotic diseases


Mycotic (fungal) diseases of animals and birds are of considerable importance both from public health and economic point of view. The fungi responsible for animal ringworm are zoonotic in nature and post problem to the people dealing with animals particularly pests. The loss of animal protein in the form of egg, meat and milk as a result of fatal aspergillosis in poultry and other birds, and mycotic mastitis and abortion in dairy animals directly affect the economy. In addition, the extensive damage caused to skin, hair, hide and wool by cutaneous mycoses also account for financial loss to the animal industry.


The aetiological agents of most of the mycoses exist and proliferate as saprophyte in the environmental material such as soil, avian excreta, bat dropping, bagasse, litter, straw, vegetable and other organic matter. These saprobic reservoirs act as a source of  infection to man, animals and birds. The infection is usually acquired by the inhalation of excessive number of fungal spores or other infectious particles through the respiratory tract. However, infection may also be established through the traumatic implantation of fungal cells into the subcutaneous tissues and mucous membranes of the eye, nose and mouth.


India being a vast country with considerable environmental diversity has not only cosmopolitan fungal pathogens such as Aspergillus fumigatus, Cryptococcus neoformans, Candida albicans, but also of those pathogenic species, which show preference for particular ecological habitats. Coccidiodes immitis and Paracoccidiodes brasiliensis have not been reported in India. Like many bacteria and viruses, fungi also produce sporadic as well as epidemic form of disease. Outbreaks of cryptococcal mastitis in Holstein-Friesian cows, aspergillosis in poultry and other birds, epizootic lymphangitis in horses, candidiasis in chicks, dermatophytosis in cow calves and buffalo calves, and mycotic dermatitis in sheep are reported in the literature. The introduction of antibodies and corticosteroids in the veterinary medicine has given an opportunity to the fungal organisms to become more prevalent.

Posted Date: 9/17/2012 8:05:31 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Mycotic diseases, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Mycotic diseases, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Mycotic diseases Discussions

Write discussion on Mycotic diseases
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Explain Clinical analysis Clinical analysis:  This analysis includes a complete physical examination and a medical history. The physical examination begins with the patient's

Spinal cord The elongated part of CNS that runs downward in the spinal canal as continuationof medulla oblongata is called spinal cord. The functions of the Spinal Cord are

Explain about the Celiac Disease? Celiac disease (also called gluten enteropathy) is an intestinal disorder that results from an abnormal  immunological reaction to gluten. u p

The process of meiosis in animals is called gametogenesis .It takes place in the testis in male and ovary in female. Gametogenesis is divided into spermatogenesis (formation of

Explain in brief about Life style modification Life style modification in simpler words, means  diet control and doing exercises. Diet control and exercise should be planned on

Q. What is the significance of proteins for living beings? Proteins play an essential role in nearly all biological processes. Due to their variety they can suppose many divers

Explain Canal Obstruction - Non-surgical Endodontic Retreatment     File work shorter than the normal apical and feel a great resistance to reach the true length a. A retain

Define the Guidelines for Calculating Ideal Body Weight? What is the ideal body weight for me? Am I obese? Am I underweight? These are the questions that must have come to your

M a l i g nant catarrhal fever (MCF) Malignant catarrhal fever is invariably fatal generalized lymphoproliferative disease of cattle and sometimes of wild ruminants. It is

Define the Prevention of diseases - Function of Vitamin E? Because of its anti-oxidant function and its role in inhibiting cell proliferation of smooth muscles, vitamin E can b