Mycotic diseases, Biology

Mycotic diseases


Mycotic (fungal) diseases of animals and birds are of considerable importance both from public health and economic point of view. The fungi responsible for animal ringworm are zoonotic in nature and post problem to the people dealing with animals particularly pests. The loss of animal protein in the form of egg, meat and milk as a result of fatal aspergillosis in poultry and other birds, and mycotic mastitis and abortion in dairy animals directly affect the economy. In addition, the extensive damage caused to skin, hair, hide and wool by cutaneous mycoses also account for financial loss to the animal industry.


The aetiological agents of most of the mycoses exist and proliferate as saprophyte in the environmental material such as soil, avian excreta, bat dropping, bagasse, litter, straw, vegetable and other organic matter. These saprobic reservoirs act as a source of  infection to man, animals and birds. The infection is usually acquired by the inhalation of excessive number of fungal spores or other infectious particles through the respiratory tract. However, infection may also be established through the traumatic implantation of fungal cells into the subcutaneous tissues and mucous membranes of the eye, nose and mouth.


India being a vast country with considerable environmental diversity has not only cosmopolitan fungal pathogens such as Aspergillus fumigatus, Cryptococcus neoformans, Candida albicans, but also of those pathogenic species, which show preference for particular ecological habitats. Coccidiodes immitis and Paracoccidiodes brasiliensis have not been reported in India. Like many bacteria and viruses, fungi also produce sporadic as well as epidemic form of disease. Outbreaks of cryptococcal mastitis in Holstein-Friesian cows, aspergillosis in poultry and other birds, epizootic lymphangitis in horses, candidiasis in chicks, dermatophytosis in cow calves and buffalo calves, and mycotic dermatitis in sheep are reported in the literature. The introduction of antibodies and corticosteroids in the veterinary medicine has given an opportunity to the fungal organisms to become more prevalent.

Posted Date: 9/17/2012 8:05:31 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Mycotic diseases, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Mycotic diseases, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Mycotic diseases Discussions

Write discussion on Mycotic diseases
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Preference Share Capital or Quasi-Equity It is also called quasi-equity because it combines features of equity and those of debt.  It is preference because it is preferred to

What is Surviving Implants It is a term described by Albrektsson that applies to implants that are still in function but have not been tested against success criteria. Such as

What are Cytokines? Cytokines are polypeptides, which influence the proliferation, differentiation, metabolism and activation of cells. There are three areas in cancer that hav

Penicillin, discovered by the Scottish doctor Alexander Fleming, in 1928, is a drug that inhibits enzymes essential for the synthesis of peptidoglycans, a constituent of the bacter

Why can it be said that each glucose molecule runs the Krebs cycle twice? Every glucose molecule "cycles" the Krebs cycle twice because after glycolysis each used glucose has g

Indications for Surgery : Echocardiography or right heart catheterization can quantify tricuspid stenosis. It is categorized as Tricuspid valve repair is advised when ther

What are the types of reproduction that occur in fungi? In fungi there are asexual and sexual reproduction. Fungi replicate asexually by fragmentation, gemmation and sporulatio

Agar Agar is a polysaccharide found in the cell walls of some red algae and is unusual in containing sulfated galactose monomers. Certain marine algae of the class Rhodophyceae

Which kind of weak interaction can define higher order structure and in the same time DNA.

How did Pasteur's experiment vary from Spallanzani's experiment? Instead of sealing the flask in the experimental group after boiling, Pasteur used a flask with a curved neck,