Military technology used in golden era, Science

Military Technology:

Important changes were introduced in military technology. Rope and wooden stimps  for horsemen were known in India before the thirteenth century. However, the iron stirrup seems to have been  introduced by  the Ghorians and'the Turks. This greatly improved the combat power of  horsemen. At the same  time, shoeing improved the performance of  horses. Turks  also brought with them the cross-bow . The sross-bow had an additional tube at right angles to the bow in which the arrow was fitted; the tube gave greater accuracy of direction to the arrow. This tube seems to be a direct precursor of  the barrel-of the hand-gun. The next stage of development in military technology was the use of cannon and gun powder. This innovation came to India during the latter half of  the fifteenth century from the Ottoman Empire which had itself received it from Europe. By  Akbar's  time, match-locks and their manufacture became common in  the imperial aknal. Some improvements were attempted mainly with a view to do away with the match and strengthen the barrel. Akbar's  arsenal succeeded  in manufacturing a gun that had most  probably a wheel-lock. Here the spring released by trigger caused a wheel with serrated edges to revolve against a piece of pyrites and so send sparks into the priming pan. The flintlock widely used  in Europe by the first half of  the seventeenth century was adopted  in India later on. Manufacture of the barrel of a gun posed a problem  for the gunsmith. The barrel had to be very strong to withstand  the explosion within  it; the making of the bore and alignment required high accuracy. In Akbar's arsenal, the barrel was made by rolling flat iron sheets and welding the edge. Thereafter, the bore was worked  from inside. The same technique was used in Europe down to the eighteenth century. India was credited with casting the heaviest bronze cannons in the world at the close of the sixteenth century. But the heavy guns were not necessarily efficient as they lacked mobility as well as accuracy. We  find that Akbar paid great attention to the manufacture of lighter guns that could be pulled by a single man. An important device used  in the Indian amy was bana or rocket. This was made of bamboo, with iron cylinders containing combustible materials at the tip. It was this Indian rocket  that inspired the invention of rockets by Congreve in early nineteenth century.  

Posted Date: 9/27/2012 8:41:38 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Military technology used in golden era, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Military technology used in golden era, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Military technology used in golden era Discussions

Write discussion on Military technology used in golden era
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Explain the Hyposecretion during Childhood Hyposecretion during childhood: Due to deficiency of growth hormone or its receptors, stunted growth of the skeleton and organs occur

Food Chain: As you know from the discussion of the previous subsection, one of  the ways in which the organisms are  related is through food, that is, one organism becomes food

Name the six forms of prejudice that Brislin discusses and illustrate each with a South Africa example; 1.  Red-neck racism - a typical form of this prejudice is Julius Malema

Some potato cores were weighed and then placed into a dilute sugar solution. After 2 hours, they were taken out of the solution, dried on a paper towel and weighed again. The mass

Explain Sympathetic - Nerves System Sympathetic, as the word suggests, means to sympathize. The body sympathizes during fight, flight and fright reaction. For example, have you

To show that liquids exert pressure Connect two 15 cm lengths of glass tubing or two transparent plastic soda straws with a short length of rubber tubing and attach them to an

what is ecology

What are the Difference between dictionary catalogue and classfied catalogue?

What is the difference among a canyon, gorge, and valley? The easiest way to answer this is to describe each term, so you can see: 1) A canyon is a deep valley with steep si

List any three human activities that you think would lead to air pollution. The following three human activities would lead to air pollution: (i) Burning of fossil fuels such