Major features of JIT(1) Elimination of non-value added activity: JIT manufacturing can be described as a philosophy of management, dedicate to the elimination of waste. Waste is stated as anything which does not add value to a product.(2) Factory Layout: The first stage of implementing the JIT manufacturing techniques is to rearrange the factory floor away from the batch production functional layout towards a production layout using low lines with a functional plant layout production through a No. of special departments that normally contain a group of similar machines.(3) Batch size of one: Set up time is the amount of time needed to adjust tools and to retool for various product. Long set ups a change over time make the production of batches with a small no. of units too expensive.