Main manifestations of cholera, Biology

Q. What is the etiological agent and the main manifestations of cholera?

The Cholera is a bacterial disease caused by the Vibrio cholerae. The disease is spread by fecal-oral route and the chief mode of transmission is ingestion of contaminated food or water. It is mainly prevalent in places that lack of adequate sanitary conditions.

Inside the human gut a cholera vibrion releases toxins called as enterotoxins. The infection can cause intense vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration and even death in more severe cases.

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