Machine centred versus human centred, Computer Engineering

Machine Centred versus human Centred

The discussion here is based on the difference in approach to the design of the work system when we prioritise either the needs of the machine (in this case the IS) or the needs of the people. Adopting a human-centred design approach the objective would be to implement the technology to make the work of the participants as effective and satisfying as possible. With a machine-centred design approach the technology and process is designed to simplify what the machine must do. Therefore the human participants are expected to adjust to the weaknesses and limitations of the machine.

This dilemma is an evolution of that which has existed since the industrial revolution with the creation of the principles of FW Taylor and their ultimate use in designing the Fordist production lines of the early 20th century. While there are similarities with current information systems implementation today we should be in a better position to avoid the negative effects on the worker. Firstly, we have more knowledge of the needs of the worker and what makes a good or bad job and secondly we have more flexible and capable machines.

Despite this the tradition is still to assume that the people - the technology users - are more flexible in that they can understand the technology by reading manuals and that they will be able to follow procedures regardless of how arbitrary or illogical they may seem. Therefore the tendency may still be to follow the machine-centred path and compromise the needs of the worker.

However to optimise the balance it is necessary to understand the differing abilities of both the people and the technology. Here the same set of comparisons holds true for the machines that replace the physical effort of the worker and those that are now replacing the mental capabilities of the worker. The table below adapted from Alter (2002) shows a comparison of some of the characteristics that need to be considered when choosing whether a human or machine 'worker' will carry out a task.

763_Machine Centred versus human Centred.png

Posted Date: 3/14/2013 4:07:21 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Machine centred versus human centred, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Machine centred versus human centred, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Machine centred versus human centred Discussions

Write discussion on Machine centred versus human centred
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
what is structure tensor?how we calculate for image pixel?

How many methods used to control traffic flowing into and out of the network by firewall? Firewalls utilize one or more of three ways to control traffic flowing into and out of

Address 192.5.48.3 belongs to? Address 192.5.48.3 belongs to class C.

Fundamentals of IT 1. Explain the Impact of Information Technology on governments and educational organizations. 2. Explain application and system software. 3. Briefly ex

Explain about the Biometrics  This includes obtaining data and identifying characteristics automatically in security systems e.g. use of palm prints, finger prints, facial ima

Q. Define Stack segment ? 8086 Microprocessor supports Word stack. Stack segment parameters tell the assembler to alert linker that this segment statement states the program s

Can we use WRITE statements in screen fields? If not how is data transferred from field data to screen fields? We cannot write field data to the screen using the WRITE stateme


What is system software? Give an example. It is a collection of program that are implemented as needed to perform functions such as I.  Receiving and interpreting user comma

How the works do flowing related technologies influence e-business? Work Flow related Technologies influence e-business: Microsoft CRM automates internal business process