Machine centred versus human centred, Computer Engineering

Machine Centred versus human Centred

The discussion here is based on the difference in approach to the design of the work system when we prioritise either the needs of the machine (in this case the IS) or the needs of the people. Adopting a human-centred design approach the objective would be to implement the technology to make the work of the participants as effective and satisfying as possible. With a machine-centred design approach the technology and process is designed to simplify what the machine must do. Therefore the human participants are expected to adjust to the weaknesses and limitations of the machine.

This dilemma is an evolution of that which has existed since the industrial revolution with the creation of the principles of FW Taylor and their ultimate use in designing the Fordist production lines of the early 20th century. While there are similarities with current information systems implementation today we should be in a better position to avoid the negative effects on the worker. Firstly, we have more knowledge of the needs of the worker and what makes a good or bad job and secondly we have more flexible and capable machines.

Despite this the tradition is still to assume that the people - the technology users - are more flexible in that they can understand the technology by reading manuals and that they will be able to follow procedures regardless of how arbitrary or illogical they may seem. Therefore the tendency may still be to follow the machine-centred path and compromise the needs of the worker.

However to optimise the balance it is necessary to understand the differing abilities of both the people and the technology. Here the same set of comparisons holds true for the machines that replace the physical effort of the worker and those that are now replacing the mental capabilities of the worker. The table below adapted from Alter (2002) shows a comparison of some of the characteristics that need to be considered when choosing whether a human or machine 'worker' will carry out a task.

763_Machine Centred versus human Centred.png

Posted Date: 3/14/2013 4:07:21 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Machine centred versus human centred, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Machine centred versus human centred, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Machine centred versus human centred Discussions

Write discussion on Machine centred versus human centred
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Boolean algebra. Boolean algebra mathematical method based on human reasoning. In Boolean algebra only two states exist; true and false which are written as 1 (true) and 0 (fa

Demonstrate Arc consistency: To demonstrate the worth of performing an arc-consistency check before starting a serarch for a solution, we'll use an example from Barbara Smith'

Explain the term Overlays. An overlay is an element of program that has the same load origin as several other part of the program. These are used for reduce the main memory req

Explain Message switching. Recourse computer sends data to switching office that stores the data into buffer and seems for a free link. Sends link to other switching office, if

Load testing is to test that if the application works well with the loads that result from large number of concurrent users, transactions and to verify whether it can handle peak u

Question : a) Visual communication was first developed in pre-history. Write short notes on the following terms: i. Geoglyph ii. Petroglyphs b) Briefly describe the p

Storing a word in Memory: That is similar process with fetching a word from memory. The required address is loaded into the MAR After that data to be written are lo

Define Software is in machine language or not Software is in machine language, today it is often developed by first writing in a high-level language or an assembly language or

Explain Protection mechanism. Protection mechanism: The subsequent mechanisms are commonly utilized for protecting files having programs and data. (a) Access controls list

What are the attributes of the method? During implementation a process is characterized by various attributes maintain by the system: Its state Its identification