London stock exchange, Financial Management

Assignment Help:

London Stock Exchange (LSE)

The origin of the London Stock Exchange goes back to the coffee houses of 17th century. London, where people willing to invest or raise money, bought and sold shares in Joint Stock companies. The world's first Joint Stock Company - The Muscury Company was founded in London in 1553. As the number of joint stock companies grew, so did the number of brokers - acting as intermediaries for investors. In 1760, a group of 150 brokers formed a club at Jonathan's coffee house where they met to buy and sell shares. In 1773, the members of this club voted to change the name of Jonathan's coffee house to Stock Exchange. The Exchange developed rapidly playing a major role in financing the UK companies during the industrial revolution. By the 19th century, more than 20 Stock Exchanges were operating around the country. At first, these provincial exchanges operated independently from London, but the increasingly sophisticated market of the 20th century brought the need for amalgamation in 1973. This historic year also saw female members admitted to the London market. The outbreak of the great war in 1914 threw Europe's markets into disarray. The London market was the last to close at the end of July, 1914. During the 1960s, business continued to grow, with member firms expanding their staff - so the decision was taken to construct a new trading floor and a 26-storey office block on the site occupied by the market since 1801.

In October 1986, major changes were brought about and after this ownership of member firms by an outside corporation was allowed. All firms became brokers/dealers and allowed to operate in a dual capacity - either buying securities from or selling them to clients without the need to deal through a third party. Trading moved from being conducted face to face on a single market floor to being performed via computers and telephones from separate dealing rooms. In 1986, the Stock Exchange became a private limited company under the Companies Act, 1985. While the LSE is a private limited company with shareholders, its profit cannot be distributed to its shareholders. Instead, profits were used for financing developments by the exchange in 1991. The exchange replaced the governing council of the exchange with a Board of Directors.

In April 1997, settlement moved to CREST Co., which operates the CREST electronic settlement system.

In June 1995, the Exchange launched Alternative Investment Market (AIM) to provide a market is accessible to both investors and companies from a wide range of backgrounds - including start-ups and more established firms. The Stock Exchange Electronic Trading Service (SETS) was launched on October 20, 1997. The electronic order book was introduced to bring greater speed and efficiency to the London market, making London an even more attractive and competitive place to do business. In July 1998, the LSE and Frankfurt's Deutsche Bourse decided to form a strategic alliance with the aim to harmonize the market for leading UK and German securities and developing a joint electronic trading platform. The first phase of the alliance went live at the start of January 1999, providing a common access package for both exchanges and a single point of liquidity for UK and German stocks.

 


Related Discussions:- London stock exchange

The ex-dividend price of novis stock, The net income of Novis Corporation i...

The net income of Novis Corporation is $45,000.  The company has 20,000 outstanding shares and a 100 percent payout policy.  The expected value of the firm one year from now is $1,

What is certified financial planner, Q. What is Certified Financial Planner...

Q. What is Certified Financial Planner? Certified Financial Planner (CFP) - Individuals who are trained to develop and implement financial plans for businesses, individuals and

Finance for managers, Before tax cost of debt and after tax cost of debt; ...

Before tax cost of debt and after tax cost of debt; Personal finance problem. David Abbot is interested in purchasing a bond issued by Sony. He has obtained the following inform

Principle of opportunity cost, Suppose you have recently been contracted as...

Suppose you have recently been contracted as a financial consultant to a London-based engineering company, Alpha Products Plc. The company uses three components as part of their pr

Securities and exchange commission (sec), SEC is the Regulatory body for...

SEC is the Regulatory body for investor protection in the United States which is created through the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

Determine the term- component cost and composite cost, Determine the term- ...

Determine the term- Component Cost and Composite Cost A company may contemplate to raise desired amount of funds by different sources comprising preferred stock, debentures and

Explain terminal value calculation at end of forecast period, Explain the t...

Explain the terminal value calculation at the end of the forecast period.  Why is it necessary? The organization whose business operation is being valued is not supposed to sudde

Leadership, AskThink back to a time when you have worked for a supervisor w...

AskThink back to a time when you have worked for a supervisor who moved from one leadership style to another based on situational variables described in the Long and Spurlock (2008

Distributing the dividends and retaining the earnings, The Walter's model, ...

The Walter's model, thus relates the question of distributing the dividends and retaining the earnings to the investment opportunities that are available with the firm. (i) If a

Case study - danish mortgage bonds, (a) The subsequent is a discussion base...

(a) The subsequent is a discussion based upon IFR Special Report in issue 1239 during the Year 1998. Danish mortgage bonds have extended been domestic investors' referred d

Write Your Message!

Captcha
Free Assignment Quote

Assured A++ Grade

Get guaranteed satisfaction & time on delivery in every assignment order you paid with us! We ensure premium quality solution document along with free turntin report!

All rights reserved! Copyrights ©2019-2020 ExpertsMind IT Educational Pvt Ltd