Large sample test for mean, Applied Statistics

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Large Sample Test for Mean

A random sample of size n (n > 30) has a sample mean   218_computation of covariance ungrouped data2.png . To test the hypothesis that the population mean μ has a specified value  μ0 let us formulate the Null Hypothesis as H0:   μ = μ0 .

The Alternative Hypothesis is (i) H1:    μ ≠ μ0   or (ii) H1:    μ > μ0   or (iii) H1:    μ < μ0  . Since n is large, the sampling distribution of  218_computation of covariance ungrouped data2.png   is approximately normal.

If H0 is true, the test statistic z =   911_large sample test for mean.png   has approximately a standard normal distribution. The critical region for z depending on the nature of H1 and level of significance  α is given below:

Level of significance ( α )

10%

5%

1%

Critical region for  μ ≠ μ0

  | z |   > 1.64

| z |  > 1.96

| z | >  2.58

Critical region for  μ > μ0

    z    < -1.28

   z   < -1.64

   z <  -2.33

Critical region for  μ < μ0 

    z    > 1.28

z > 1.64

  z >   2.33                                 


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