What is the name of the services you have chosen? What do they do? What is the name of the publisher? Provide details if you are developing your own service(s).
There are various ways to develop these services. Should you wish to develop SOAP-based services, some easy steps to follow to write client-side code are provided in this document.
Question 1. How does your Web services development approach compare with the steps required to implement a Java RMI client? How does it differ from the example of a Web Services discussed in lectures and developed using JAX-RPC and JAX-WS?
At this stage, you are supposed to have both services running and invoked through appropriate interfaces.
4. The ?nal step is to implement a class that combines the two Web services and provides an appropriate userinterface for the collection of input data and presentation of results. There are two options here:
• Make the application console-based, with input data coming from the command line if required and results being written to a ?le as a static page of HTML.
• Implement the application as a servlet or using JSP, as appropriate. The HTML will be generated dynamically in this case. If you are following this option, you will need to package your application in the conventional way, as a WAR ?le.
Answer the following questions:
Question 2. Consider the respective platforms upon which the service providers and service consumer are implemented. What does this tell you about how Web Services differ from more conventional distributed object technology?
Question 3. What are the factors affecting the performance of your application? In what ways,and at what cost, could performance be improved? (You may assume that you have the freedom to reimplement the service providers as well as your service consumer, using a different hardware and
software platform if necessary.
Web service client-side development steps
The following explains the steps required to develop a SOAP-based client should you choose an existing service.
1. Before starting on any coding, if you have not set up Axis during the Lab. session on Web Services then make sure your environment is correctly setup.
2. Before implementing a class to encapsulate a chosen Web service, you should generate client-side stubs for the service from its WSDL document. This is done by running Axis’ WSDL2Java tool, via the shell script wsdl2java already provided for you. For example, if you have saved the WSDL to a ?le service.wsdl, then the following is required:
After running the script, you will see that a hierarchy of subdirectories has been created, re?ecting the package within which the stubs and helper classes reside (depending on the service you use you may need to move into a subdirectory before you ?nd the .java ?les). Have a look at these ?les and make that sure
you understand their purpose. (The documentation provided with Axis will prove useful here, particularly the section of the User Guide on WSDL2Java.)
3. Move back up into the top directory and compile the stubs with a command like
Then package the stub classes as a single JAR ?le with a command something like this:
jar cvf stubs.jar /path/to/java/files/
You will need to submit this JAR ?le with your source code. You should also make sure that it is in your CLASSPATH when you try to compile or run the consumer of your chosen Web Service.
4. To implement the consumer of a chosen Web Service, note the following points about implementation:
• There are three steps involved in making a method call to a service exposed via statically-generated
(a) Create an instance of the ‘Locator’ class
(b) Get an instance of the ‘Soap’ class by calling appropriate method (e.g., get...Soap)
(c) Invoke the desired method of the ‘Soap’ object
For further details, see the Axis User Guide—especially the section covering WSDL2Java. The main method of this class can contain code to test the service.
5. The ?nal step is to implement a class that combines the two Web services and provides an appropriate user interface for the collection of input data and presentation of results.
• Use the document cwk3-answers-form available in the courseworks folder to report your written answers to the questions. Submit the document:
1. through the link cwk3 - Answers submission. Word and pdf ?le formats are acceptable (pdf is encouraged).
2. on paper in the normal way, via the CSO postbox. Remember to attach a completed coursework header
• To submit your code for the exercise, create a Zip or tar archive of the ?les which make up your system and submit the ?le through the link cwk3 - Code submission. Remember to include a descriptive README ?le as well as any additional material.Be sure to include all ?les needed for your city server system to work as part of your submission. You may include .class ?les if you wish, but this is not necessary; we will be testing whether your code compiles when we mark it.
Be sure to include in your submission all the ?les that you have generated for your client. If you have organised your ?les into a directory hierarchy, then please package this as a single Zip or tar archive and submit that ?le through the link cwk3 - Code submission. If your application is packaged as a WAR ?le, please include this ?le in your submission.