Inverse floaters, Financial Management

Normally, floater coupon rate moves in the same direction as the reference rate. That is, with an increase in the reference rate, the floater coupon rate also increases and vice-versa. However, in inverse floaters or reverse floaters, the coupon rate moves in the opposite direction of the reference rate. Formula to calculate coupon rate for an inverse floater is

         Coupon rate = K - (L x Reference rate)

Where, K and L are constant values set forth in the prospectus of the issue.

Let us say that K is 25% and L is 3 and the reference rate is 3 months LIBOR, which is at 2.5%.

 

The coupon rate of the reverse floater is determined as follows:

         Coupon rate = 25% - (3 x 2.5%) = 17.50%.

If we assume that the 3 months LIBOR is 3.5%, then the coupon rate for next interest payment period is

         = 25% - 3 x 3.5% = 14.50%.

If the 3 months LIBOR is 1.5%, then the coupon rate for next interest payment period is:

         = 25% - 3 x 1.5% = 20.50%.

From the above illustration, we clearly see how the coupon rates of an inverse floater move with the increase and decrease of reference rates.

Posted Date: 9/8/2012 5:19:21 AM | Location : United States







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