## Introduction to helping children learn mathematics, Mathematics

Assignment Help:

INTRODUCTION :  Do you remember your school-going days, particularly your mathematics classes? What was it about those classes that made you like, or dislike, mathematics? In this unit we will be raising certain issues related to these questions. It is intimately related to the previous unit, where we discussed some aspects of children of preschool and primary school age. There we observed that:

i) A young child's way of thinking is qualitatively different from that of an adult's.

ii) Children follow a certain pattern in their overall development, and this pattern is more or less universal in nature. Individual children, however, differ in the pace at which they develop.

iii) Each child evolves her own way of 'making sense' of things around her.

iv) By the time a child enters formal school, she already knows some mathematics.

v) Young children use play and other activities to evolve strategies to understand the physical world around them.

vi) Older children also learn with concrete materials and games, and can make sense' of the formal knowledge given to them in school through such learning experiences.

vii) Unfortunately, most mathematics teachers emphasise algorithms and memorisation, rather than understanding. The "rules" of mathematics may be comprehensible to the adult mind, but need to be communicated to children in ways that the children can comprehend.

viii) We are intuitively aware of the long and arduous process that children go through while learning a single mathematical concept or skill. But the time-frame that the formal school system allows for "covering" the syllabus doesn't take this into account.

This list is not exhaustive. Why don't you quickly run and complete the list? You may find this useful, because the present unit focuses on the implications of those points for teaching.

In this unit, we have made an attempt to highlight some of the principles that need to be kept in mind while teaching mathematics to children of preschool and primary school. Doing this would help in creating a learning environment for a preschool or primary school child that is appropriate for her stage of development, her needs, her ways of thinking and learning, and her pace of learning.

We have also given some examples of the kind of activities or opportunities that can be given to children to help them develop mathematical thinking.

Unfortunately, the examples of activities that we suggest are mostly from an urban situation. In fact, it is also difficult to think of examples common to all urban areas. We hope that you will adapt the activities to suit the needs of your learners.

#### One tailed test, One Tailed Test It is a test where the alternative hy...

One Tailed Test It is a test where the alternative hypothesis (H 1 :) is only concerned along with one of the tails of the distribution for illustration, to test a business co

#### Absolute convergence - sequences and series, Absolute Convergence Whil...

Absolute Convergence While we first talked about series convergence we in brief mentioned a stronger type of convergence but did not do anything with it as we didn't have any

#### Prime number, Prime number A prime number is a number whose only +ve fa...

Prime number A prime number is a number whose only +ve factors are 1 and itself. For instance 2, 3, 5, and 7 are all of the examples of prime numbers.  Examples of numbers whic

#### The length of the rectangle is 2 inches more than the width, The area of a ...

The area of a rectangle is 24 square inches. The length of the rectangle is 2 inches more than the width. How many inches is the width? Let x = the number of inches in the widt

#### Example of cartesian coordinate graph, Example of Cartesian coordinate Grap...

Example of Cartesian coordinate Graph: Example:   The temperature of water flowing in a high pressure line was measured at regular intervals.  Plot the subsequent recorded da

#### Fundamentals of math, When there are 4 dots how many chords are they

When there are 4 dots how many chords are they

#### Compound angles, determine the exact value of cos (11*3.145/6)

determine the exact value of cos (11*3.145/6)

#### Solve the algebraic equestions, Solve the following equestions i.2x-8=8 ...

Solve the following equestions i.2x-8=8 ii.3x+2/5=4 iii.8/3x-2=2 iv.0.6x-5=7

#### Numeration, which of these is between 5,945,089 and 5,956,108

which of these is between 5,945,089 and 5,956,108

#### Express the gcd as a linear combination, Express the GCD of 48 and 18 as a ...

Express the GCD of 48 and 18 as a linear combination.              (Ans: Not unique) A=bq+r, where  o ≤  r 48=18x2+12 18=12x1+6 12=6x2+0 ∴ HCF (18,48) = 6 now  6  