Internal structure of agents - artificial intelligence, Basic Computer Science

Internal Structure of Agents

We have looked at agents in terms of their external influences and behaviors: they take input from the environment and perform rational actions to alter that environment. We will now look at some generic internal mechanisms which are common to intelligent agents.

  • Architecture and Program

The  program of an  agent  is  the  mechanism  by  which  it  turns  input  from the environment into an action on the environment. The architecture of an agent is the computing device (including software and hardware) upon which the program operates. On this course, we mostly concern ourselves with the intelligence behind the programs, and do not worry about the hardware architectures they run on. In fact, we will mostly assume that the architecture of our agents is a computer getting input through the keyboard and acting via the monitor.

RHINO consisted of the robot itself, including the necessary hardware for locomotion (motors, etc.) and state of the art sensors, including laser, sonar, infrared and tactile sensors. RHINO also carried around three on-board PC workstations and was connected by a wireless Ethernet connection to a further three off-board SUN workstations. In total, it ran up to 25 different processes at any one time, in parallel. The  program  employed   by  RHINO  was   even  more  complicated  than  the architecture upon which it ran. RHINO ran software which drew upon techniques ranging from low level probabilistic reasoning and visual information processing to high level problem solving and planning using logical representations.

An agent's program will make use of knowledge about its environment and methods for deciding which action to take (if any) in response to a new input from the environment. These methods include reflexes, goal based methods and utility based methods.

 

Posted Date: 10/1/2012 9:12:06 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Internal structure of agents - artificial intelligence, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Internal structure of agents - artificial intelligence, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Internal structure of agents - artificial intelligence Discussions

Write discussion on Internal structure of agents - artificial intelligence
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions

Given the following grammar: -> [ , ] | -> | { } -> a | b | cwhich are the strings generated by the grammar? Show the parse tree(s). a). { [ a , b ] }b). [ { a } , b ]

Nursing Care Activity Module Retrieving of identification data of patient  Assessment of the patient  - Physical - Mental - Personal - Socio-c

How to make a stale marriage program by implementing the Gale Shapley algorithm using Java program

Languages The language is a program containing rules and guidelines to help us in making programs. There are various languages like C, Basic, COBOL, PASCAL, FORTRAN etc. Th

Python is an interpreted, high-level, interactive and object oriented-scripting language. Python was designed to be extremely readable which uses English keywords commonly where as

Question 1 Describe the following- Binary Number System b. Octal Number System Hexadecimal Number System   Question 2 Describe the Canonical Logical Forms-

Microwave Transmission: Using space as transmission medium, microwave emanates from an origination point on earth, such as telephone exchange, where many individual messages h

How does GPS work in the field of Sport or athletics?

TELECOMMUNICATIONS STANDARDS: They are defined internationally by the CCITT (Consultative Committee for International Telegraphy and Telephones), but to deal with the rapidly