Implementation of economic policy:
On the ability of civil servants and Government to learn, Government must possess the following qualities to ensure implementation of economic policy efficiently:
i) Openness in the sense of having wide contact with the people administered;
ii) A sense of justice, fair play and impartiality in dealing with men and matters;
iii) Sensitivity and responsiveness to the urges, feelings and aspirations of the common people;
iv) Securing the honour and dignity of the human being, however, humble he or she might be;
v) Humility and simplicity in the persons manning the administrative machinery and their easy accessibility;
vi) Creating and sustaining an atmosphere conducive to development, growth and social change; and
vii) Honesty and integrity in thought and action.
The bureaucracy must understand that the purpose of administration is to deliver the benefits of economic policies and not to exist for its own sake. The widespread poverty and the depressed standards of living among such a large number of people pose a very serious threat to peace as well as socio-economic development. According to Dr. Lando, "What is happening around us shakes our complacency, challenges our faith in human progress and imbues us with an intense feeling of shame, doubt and guilt. In a world where the gigantic scientific and phenomenal technological achievements command our admiration and almost fetish acceptance, we are witnessing an intolerable degradation of man. Our pride in belonging to a generation that for the first time since the genesis of man has set foot on another planet cannot, however, disguise the awful truth that it may be easier to travel to the moon than to erase from the surface of the earth, the image of inevitable poverty, human exploitation, injustice and the degradation of human welfare."