Illustration of accounting treatment of deferred tax, Financial Accounting

Illustration of Accounting treatment of deferred tax

A Ltd., bought an item of plant at a cost of £100,000 in year 2000. The estimated useful life of the plant was 5 years and depreciation is on a straight line basis with no residual value. The company makes profits before tax of £200,000 and the corporation tax rate is 30%.  The item of plant has the following:

Year    1    2    3    4    5
Rate    30%    25%    20%    15%    10%

Required:
(for each of the five years)

i) Tax liability (corporation)
ii) Carrying amount, tax base, taxable temporary difference of the plant and the balance carried down on deferred tax account.
iii)    The deferred tax account
iv)    Final accounts extracts (Profit and loss + balance sheet)
Assume that the corporation tax liability is unpaid by the year end.

Corporation tax liability

 

 

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

 

£

£

£

£

£

Profit before tax

200,000

200,000

200,000

200,000

200,000

Add back depreciation

  20,000

  20,000

  20,000

  20,000

  20,000

 

220,000

220,000

220,000

220,000

220,000

Less capital allowances

(30,000)

(25,000)

(20,000)

(15,000)

(10,000)

Taxable profits

190,000

195,000

200,000

205,000

210,000

Taxable liability  (30%)

(57,000)

(56,500)

(60,000)

(61,500)

(63,000)

 

133,000

136,500

140,000

143,5000

147,000

 

 

Carrying amount, tax base, and taxable temp diff.

 

 

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

 

£ ‘000’

£ ‘000’

£ ‘000’

£ ‘000’

£ ‘000’

Carrying amount:  Cost

100

100

100

100

100

Accumulated depreciation

  20

  40

  60

  80

100

 

  80

  60

  40

  20

    -

Tax box:  Cost

100

100

100

100

100

               Accumulated capital all

(30)

(55)

(75)

(90)

(100)

 

70

45

25

10

     -

Taxable temp. difference

10

15

15

10

-

Bal c/d on deferred tax a/c (30%)

3

45

45

3

-

 

 

Deferred Tax Account

 

 

£ ‘000’

 

 

£ ‘000’

31/12/00

Bal c/d

   3

31/12/00

P & L (bal. fig)

   3

31/12/01

Bal c/d

4.5

1/1/01

Bal b/d

3

 

 

 

31/12/01

P & L (bal. fig)

1.5

 

 

 4.5

 

 

 4.5

31/12/02

Bal c/d

 4.5

1/1/02

Bal b/d

 4.5

31/12/03

P & L (Bal. fig)

4.5

1/1/03

Bal b/d

 4.5

31/12/03

Bal c/d

1.5

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

4.5

 

 

4.5

 

 

   3

1/1/04

Bal b/d

  3

 

Final accounts extracts

 

Income statement

 

 

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

 

£ ‘000’

£ ‘000’

£ ‘000’

£ ‘000’

£ ‘000’

Profit before tax

200

200

200

200

200

Income tax

  60

  60

  60

  60

  60

Profit for the period

140

140

140

140

140

 

 

Workings:  Income tax expense

 

Current year estimated corporation tax liability

 

57

 

58.5

 

60

 

61.5

 

63

Add/(less) transfer to/(from) deferred tax a/c

 

  3

 

  1.5

 

   -

 

(1.5)

 

(3)

 

60

60.0

60

60

60

 

Balance Sheet

 

NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES

 

 

 

 

 

Deferred tax

3

4.5

4.5

3

-

CURRENT LIABILITIES

 

 

 

 

 

Current tax

57

58.5

60

61.5

63

 

Posted Date: 12/12/2012 12:47:37 AM | Location : United States







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