History of project management
While quality management was developing, around the same time a number of events led to the need for better project management. In the 1950?s and 1960?s the complexity of task in aerospace, defence, construction demanded project management skills at different levels. The need to address cost, schedules, scope and quality concerns forced organisation and government bodies to consider project management at an earlier stage and have a more systematic and standard approach.
The Project Management Institute formed in 1969, is a forum for representatives of different industries to discuss and share their experience of project management. As an outcome, some of the factors that led to considering formal project management techniques were:
Project Management Institute published A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide) in 1987 which recognises project quality management as a separate core knowledge area. Today, individuals can master the PMBOK® Guide and clear certification test to become a Project Management Professionals (PMP).