Historical development of operations management, Operation Management

Historical Development of Operations Management

Evidence of formal management of operations can be traced back as far as the Babylonian kingdom of Hammurabi, around 2100 BC but few attempts to set down principles were made until the onset of the industrial revolution in Britain, in the middle of the 18th century.

The division of labour

In 1776 the Scottish philosopher and economist Adam Smith wrote one of the most influential books on economic activities, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. Using the manufacture of pins as illustration, he demonstrated that, whereas a single operator carrying out all of the necessary processing operations could produce around twenty pins per day, a small group of operators, each member specialising in a particular operation, could produce 48,000 pins per day. This division of labour was shown to have three distinctive features which contributed to the spectacular increase in productivity demonstrated:

1. By repetition of a restricted range of actions each operator developed a high level of dexterity

2. No time was lost in changing procedures and equipment, which would otherwise be required in moving from one operation to another

3. Operations of limited scope, repeated very many times, created the circumstances which allowed mechanisation to become economically viable, leading to even greater levels of productivity.

Posted Date: 3/19/2013 2:25:10 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Historical development of operations management, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Historical development of operations management, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Historical development of operations management Discussions

Write discussion on Historical development of operations management
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
What do you think are the biggest barriers to wide-scale adoption of m-commerce by consumers? Who do you think is working on solutions to these problems and what might the solution

The marketing team presents a children's cereal brand manager with "Less Sugar" ad campaign for three of her brands. Large print and dynamic type on the package exclaiming "75% LES

Like other large airlines, Global Airlines has a points-based incentive program. Customers who join Global's FreeMiles program earn points by purchasing tickets from Global or by u

The current order quantity for Paul's Pasta Pinwheels is 200 boxes. The order cost is $4 per order, the holding cost is $0.40 per box per year, and the annual demand is 500 boxes p

How does national culture affect strategy? To what extent do different approaches to strategy, different ways of thinking about strategy, reflect different underlying cultural assu

Question 1: Traits theories are not sufficient for explaining Leadership! i. Give an account of the other complementary Contingency theories or parts of the theories that d

If the customers SOW contains words such as nearly or approximately, then: Answer The project manager uses his discretion in determining the meaning The sponsor uses his d

1. Discuss how you interpret the statement 'ERP is the 'meat and potatoes' of the organisation'.  2. What are the key issues when implementing an ERP system?  3. How will tra

Evaluate the service to club members and casual flyers by completing a table similar to table 3.1 (see page 70 Operations Management 6xth Edition Nigel Slack)

Pizza USA is a chain of pizza restaurants offers sit down and take out service. Part I as the customer: make a list of the attributes of a pizza delivery of pizza delivery that are