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The problematic and enigmatic theory of an inference introduced by the Fisher, which extracts a probability distribution for the parameter on the basis of the data without having first assigned parameter any prior distribution. The results of such an inference are not the acceptance or the rejection of the hypothesis, not a decision, but the probability distribution of the special kind.

#### Direct edacyclic graph, Formal graphical representation of the "causal diag...

Formal graphical representation of the "causal diagrams" or the "path diagrams" where the  relationships are directed but acyclic (that is no feedback relations allowed). Plays an

#### Explain lie factor, Lie factor : A measure suggested by Tufte for judging t...

Lie factor : A measure suggested by Tufte for judging the honesty of the graphical presentation of data. Which can be calculated as follows   The values close to one are desir

#### Pie chart, Pie chart is an extensively used graphical technique for presen...

Pie chart is an extensively used graphical technique for presenting relative frequencies related with the observed values of the categorical variable. The chart comprises of a cir

#### Descriptive , Assume that a population is normally distributed with a mean ...

Assume that a population is normally distributed with a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 15. Would it be unusual for the mean of a sample of 20 to be 115 or more?

#### Wilcoxon''s ranksum test, Wilcoxon's ranksum test is the distribution free...

Wilcoxon's ranksum test is the distribution free method or technique used as an alternative to the Student's t-test for assessing whether two populations have the same location. G

#### Define recurrence risk, Recurrence risk : Usually the probability that an i...

Recurrence risk : Usually the probability that an individual experiences an event of interest given previous experience(s) of the event; for example, the probability of recurrence

#### Bayesian inference, Bayesian inference : An approach to the inference based...

Bayesian inference : An approach to the inference based largely on Bayes' Theorem and comprising of the below stated principal steps: (1) Obtain the likelihood, f x q describing

#### Generate a scatter plot, Suppose we estimate the following model: Passen...

Suppose we estimate the following model: Passengersi = 1 + 2Populationi + ui a) Generate a scatter plot with passengers on the vertical axis and population on the horizonta

#### Regression dilution, Regression dilution is the term which is applied when...

Regression dilution is the term which is applied when a covariate in the model cannot be measured directly and instead of that a related observed value must be used in analysis. I

#### Forest plot, A name sometimes given to the type of diagram generally used i...

A name sometimes given to the type of diagram generally used in meta-analysis, in which point estimates and confidence intervals are displayed for all the studies included in the a