Explain transposition ciphers and substitution cipher, Computer Network Security

What do you understand by cryptanalysis? Discuss about the transposition ciphers substitution cipher, and onetime pads.

The messages which are intended to transmit secretly and securely with full protection are subjected to the process of encryption and decryption in order to provide the desired security. The original message which is to be encrypted is called plain text. This plain text is transformed by a function with the encryption key (K) as parameter. The plain text after the transformation that is the output of the encryption process is called as cipher text. And this cipher text or the encrypted message with key is actually transmitted.

Although an intruder listens to this message/cipher text by catching the communication channel still he cannot decrypt the cipher text because he doesn't know key. Even though he doesn't know the key still he is able to break that cipher text at times and that art of breaking ciphers is known as cryptanalysis.

The art of devising and breaking ciphers is collectively called as cryptology. The encryption methods/techniques are, divided into the following two categories,

1. Substitution Ciphers

2. Transposition Ciphers.

1. Substitution Ciphers:

In this cipher, each letter or the group of letters is replaced by another group of letters. Good instance of substitution cipher is Caesar cipher. In this cipher, a becomes D, and b becomes E and so on and the Z becomes C.

An Example is written below:

An Attack becomes DWWDFN

This general system is called the mono alphabetic substitution.

In substitution ciphers, order of letters is similar to that of plain text but just disguises them.

2. Transposition Ciphers

In contrast to the substitution ciphers, transposition ciphers read the letters but do not disguise them. The key of this cipher is a word, having no repeated letters. An instance of a transposition cipher text is given below.


The main purpose of the key is to number the columns. The plain text is in rows and cipher text is prepared by assembly letters in columns.

Onetime Pads is defined below:

There is a simple way of constructing an unbreakable cipher. The procedure is initiated with the choice of a random bit string as key. Converting plaintext into a bit string and computhexc1usjve OR operation for these two strings This method/technique is known as Onetime Pad.

Posted Date: 7/20/2012 6:10:35 AM | Location : United States

Related Discussions:- Explain transposition ciphers and substitution cipher, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Explain transposition ciphers and substitution cipher, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Explain transposition ciphers and substitution cipher Discussions

Write discussion on Explain transposition ciphers and substitution cipher
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
B a s i c functions of e-mail system are given as follows: C o mp o sition refers to the procedure of creating messages and the answers. Though any text editor can be

Question: (a) State whether the following statements are TRUE or FALSE. Justify your answer. i. A good site security policy will require that users use computer generated p

SECURING THE COMPONENTS Computer can be subject of an attack or the object of an attack. When subject of an attack, computer is used as lively tool to conduct attack. The figure

Consider a computer system with three users: Alice, Bob and Cindy. Alice owns the file alicerc, and Bob and Cindy can read it. Cindy can read and write the file bobrc, which Bob ow

QUESTION (In this question, you will need to use the ISO 27001:2005 and ISO 27002:2005 standards) For each of the situations below, comment on the following: 1. Mention

QUESTION (a) FTP is a protocol used for the delivery of files across networks. Explain how FTP works (support your answer with a diagram). (b) How does TCP perform the gi

Question: a) Explain what you understand by the term brute force attack, giving an example of such an attack b) Briefly outline the concept of Caesar cipher and identify a

Question (a) A CRC is constructed to generate a 4-bit FCS for an 11-bit message. The divisor polynomial is X 4 + X 3 + 1 (i) Encode the data bit sequence 00111011001 using po

Steganography It is a process of hiding information in use for a long time. Most popular modern version of this process hides information within files appearing to contain digit

Electronic Mail: Electronic mail which is famous as e-mail, as it is known to its number of users, has been around for more than two decades. Before 1990, it was mainly used in