What would be the effect of an increase in Australia's net exports on the aggregate demand curve? Would an increase in net exports affect the RBA's monetary policy stance?
Suppose that in an effort to reduce the current federal government budget deficit, the Australian government decides to sharply decrease government spending. Assuming the economy is at its long-run equilibrium, carefully explain the short- and long-run consequences of this policy.
The recent debate about healthcare reform in the United States included arguments about how the proposed reform might affect the efficiency of the U.S. economy. Based on the aggregate demand and supply analysis, do you think that a more or less efficient economy is an important issue in this debate? (Hint: consider the long-run effect of a less efficient economy in the output level.)