Explain about RISC architecture, Computer Engineering

Q. Explain about RISC ARCHITECTURE?

Let's first list some significant considerations of RISC architecture:

1. RISC functions are kept simple unless there is a very good reason to do otherwise. A new operation which increases execution time of an instruction by 10 per cent can be added only if it decreases size of the code by at least 10 per cent. Even greater reductions might be necessary if the extra modification requires a change in design.

2. Micro-instructions stored in CU cannot be faster than simple instructions because the cache is built from same technology as writable control unit store, a simple instruction can be executed at same speed as that of a micro-instruction.

3. Microcode is not magic. Moving software into microcode doesn't make it better; it only makes it harder to change. Runtime library of RISC has all characteristics of functions in microcode, except that it's easier to change.

4. Simple decoding and pipelined execution are more significant than program size. Pipelined execution gives a peak performance of one instruction each step. The longest step determines the performance rate of pipelined machine so ideally every pipeline step must take same amount of time. 

5. Compiler must simplify instructions instead of generate complex instructions. RISC compilers try to eliminate as much work as possible at the time of compile time so that simple instructions can be used. For illustration RISC compilers attempt to keep operands in registers so that simple register-to-register instructions can be used. RISC compilers keep operands which will be reused in registers instead of repeating a memory access or a calculation. They consequently use LOADs and STOREs to access memory so that operands aren't implicitly discarded after being fetched.

Posted Date: 7/30/2013 5:33:18 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Explain about RISC architecture, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Explain about RISC architecture, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Explain about RISC architecture Discussions

Write discussion on Explain about RISC architecture
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions

Is it possible to create graph form spreadsheets For example IF G5 > 100 THEN "Y" ELSE "N" -  It's also possible to create graphs and charts from spreadsheets (such as using

Q. How does computer know that overflow has happened? Illustration: Add numbers 65 and 75 in 8 bit register in signed 2's complement notation.  Here expected result is

How u can create XML file? To write Dataset Contents out to disk as an XML file use: MyDataset.WriteXML(server.MapPath("MyXMLFile.xml"))

Suppose that the working register W contains the value 0x4F, the register FSR contains the value 0x2B; the register with address 0x2B contains 0x2F and the instruction ADDWF INDF,

? Actor: Actor shows an external user / end user who interact with the system. ? Object: Object is shown by one of components of the system. ? Unit: A unit is a subsystem, o

Described different types of addressing modes available? Ans: The various types of addressing modes available are following:   Register addressing mode   Immediate ad

Q. Copy file from a floppy disk to the hard disk? While using a PC, often you need to copy file from a floppy disk to the hard disk or vice-versa.  For instance, you buy some s

Interval between the time of submission and completion of the job is? Ans. Turnaround time is the interval in between the time of submission and completion  of the job.

Information Gain: Now next here instantly return to the problem of trying to determine the best attribute to choose for a particular node in a tree. As in the following measur