Explain about deadlocks, Operating System

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Q. Explain about Deadlocks?

Deadlocks

for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {

// first find a thread that can finish

for (int j = 0; j < n; j++) {

if (!finish[j]) {

boolean temp = true;

for (int k = 0; k < m; k++) {

if (need[j][k] > work[k])

temp = false;

}

if (temp) { // if this thread can finish

finish[j] = true;

for (int x = 0; x < m; x++)

work[x] += work[j][x];

}

}

}

}

At present there are two resources available. It is an system is in an unsafe state as process P1 could complete thereby freeing a total of four resources. But we can't guarantee that processes P0 and P2 can complete. Nevertheless it is possible that a process may release resources before requesting any further. For instance process P2 could release a resource thereby increasing the total number of resources to five. This permit process P0 to complete which would free a total of nine resources thereby allowing process P2 to complete as well.


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