Example for comparison test for improper integrals, Mathematics

Example for Comparison Test for Improper Integrals

Example:  Find out if the following integral is convergent or divergent.

2 (cos2 x) / x2 (dx)


Let's just take a second and think about how the Comparison Test works. Determine If this integral is convergent then we'll need to discover a larger function that as well converges on similar interval.

Similarly, if this integral is divergent then we'll require to find out a smaller function that as well diverges.

Thus, it seems such as it would be nice to have some idea as to if the integral converges or diverges ahead of time thus we will know whether we will need to have a look for a larger and convergent function or a smaller and divergent function.

To obtain the guess for this function let's notice that the numerator is good and bounded and just won't get too large.  Hence, it seems likely that the denominator will ascertain the convergence or divergence of this integral as we know that

2 1/x2 (dx)

converges since converge.

p = 2 > 1 by the fact in the preceding section.  Thus now her let's guess that this integral will

Thus we now know that we need to find out a function that is larger than

cos2 x / x2

and as well converges.  Making a fraction larger is actually a quite simple procedure.  We can either create the numerator larger or we can make the denominator smaller.  In this type of case we can't do so much about the denominator.  Though we can make use of the fact that 0 ≤ cos2 x ≤ 1 to make the numerator larger (that is we'll replace the cosine with something we know to be larger that is 1).  So,

Cos2 x / x2 < 1/x2

Here now, as we have already noted

2 1/x (dx)

converges and thus by the Comparison Test we know that

2 cos2 x / x2 (dx)

Posted Date: 4/12/2013 12:42:53 AM | Location : United States

Related Discussions:- Example for comparison test for improper integrals, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Example for comparison test for improper integrals, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Example for comparison test for improper integrals Discussions

Write discussion on Example for comparison test for improper integrals
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
find the value of x for which [1 0] [0 x-8]

how to find volume of a cone in cubic units when the radius is 5 and height is 11

cramers rule introduction

How can I solve x in a circle? For example.. m

Adding Rational Expressions with Common Denominators To add or subtract fractions or rational expressions with common denominators, all you do is add or subtract the numerators

Solve The form x 2 - bx - c in  Factoring Polynomials ? This tutorial will help you factor quadratics that look something like this: x 2 - 11x - 12 (No lead coefficient

let R be a (noncommutative) ring. Given that a,b and a+b ? R are all units, prove that a^(-1)+b^(-1) is a unit

A dealer sells a toy for Rs.24 and gains as much percent as the cost price of the toy. Find the cost price of the toy. Ans:    Let the C.P be x ∴Gain = x % ⇒ Gain = x