Evolution of erp , Basic Computer Science

 

Evolution of ERP 

The origin of using computers for business, traces the following line of story. Originally, they were designed to support the repetitive and time consuming functions. The applications started in the 1960s with Materials Resource Planning or MRP. It was the simple and conventional inventory management system which planned the production or procurement of components of the finished goods. These systems took the production schedules as input and gave the procurement schedules by calculating amount required, keeping  lead time in view. Though MRP is successful  in streamlining production, it deals with only a part of the system. If the input i.e., the production schedule or its basis (customer orders, sales forecast, inventory, bill of materials etc.) is flawed then MRP is a very efficient way of planning procurement of the wrong parts.

The next step was to automate the entire manufacturing process, this brought the next generation of computer application called Manufacturing Resource Planning or MRP II. This system sought to put the entire enterprise be it  taking customer orders or ordering raw material automation, systems is that, it assumes a static view of the company and fits the system into the enterprise. It is thus a solution which automates the existing process based on existing work flows.

The approach so far, was organized around tasks.  Systems solutions were developed to meet the needs of order entry group, inventory department or the marketing department, but not as an entire business process of delivering ordered goods.

These business applications for business are automation solutions which simply shift time-consuming, mundane tasks on to the powerful processing and memory of machines. Out of this evolve task-centric islands of information and efficiency. Say, order fulfillment is broken down into receipt of orders, entering them into computer, production scheduling, allocating  inventory, packing, loading and delivering. A typical automation solution speeds up each task. This delivers efficiency but lacks synergy. The flaw here is that companies are trying to solve the problem by looking at parts and not the whole. Loading IT on inefficient process is only going to reinforce tasks that need not be done at all to achieve the desired results. 

 

Posted Date: 9/14/2012 6:29:10 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Evolution of erp , Assignment Help, Ask Question on Evolution of erp , Get Answer, Expert's Help, Evolution of erp Discussions

Write discussion on Evolution of erp
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
For the formation of a program it is necessary to follow five steps: Design of the algorithm, stage the problem to be solved is reputable and the best solution is proposed, creatin

Network Control, Engineering and Management Network control in this sense involves traffic management, and the engineering of the networks to support varying traffic loads. In

Problem A) The TCP/IP reference model is the network model used in the current Internet architecture. This model is derived from the OSI model and they are relatively same in n

QUESTION (a) Compare the adapter pattern with the façade and decorator patterns. (b) Illustrate a two-way adapter pattern. (c) Describe 3 components of a pattern. (d)

QUESTION We wish to use the Kaiser window method to design a discrete-time filter with generalized linear phase that meets specifications of the following form:

Question 1 Explain the functional units of a basic computer with a neat diagram Question 2 Explain how you can get 1's complement of a given binary number? Also explain 1'

why first generation computers are better than fourth generation computers

Defination of Propositionl logic Predicate logic genertic algorithm Hybrid system Optimization Fuzzy system rules Fuzzy system application

socket programming

Environments We have seen that intelligent agents might take into account certain information when   choosing   a   rational   action, by  including information from its sensor