Evolution of culture, Biology

A general agreerncnt anlong nll the human evolutionists who may have a very radical philosophical hackground and convictions is that man is the result of an extraordinary evolutionary process. Whereas evidence is available from fossil remains of our ancestors and relatives for the comparative morphology and even anatomy to structure a biological classification, fossil forms do not record the behavioural aspects of man. Essentially the artifacts or the environment in which the fossils were found have to be examined judiciously to draw inferences, relating to the behaviour and cultural aspects. For instance, aggressiveness is a behaviour pattern but this behaviour pattern cannot be fossilised. On the other band, the environment in which the sharp fossile tool, and the fossils of big animals killed by game hunting speak volumes of the aggressive behaviour of the men of the times. The uniqueness of man can be attributed to the instinctive culture that he has evolved. Culture is sum total of a store of information and behaviour patterns. This is inherited by one generation from the other by instruction and learning and by examples and imitation. In other words, although the culture by itself may not be controlled by genes, the capacity tc acquire it is determined genetically. As we discussed in our earlier section, the symbol systems should have played a significant role in the transmission of cultures. Because of this difference that the culture is not transmitted by genes, it is called "superorganic". This notion is not necessarily true. After all it is only the possessors of the human genotype who can acquire, transmit, innovate or transmute culture. In other words, human genotypes are indispensible for culture although the genotypes themselves do not decide which one of the variants of the existing cultures they will acquire. It amounts to saying that there are no genes for Hindu, Islamic, Sikh, American, Chinese or European cultures. The acquiring of a particular culture depends on the environment in which a child is brought up. The same argument can be extended to the concept of the learning and using of a language. Such acts although are decided by genes, the genes do not decide which particular language will be learnt.

Posted Date: 4/5/2013 2:52:27 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Evolution of culture, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Evolution of culture, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Evolution of culture Discussions

Write discussion on Evolution of culture
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Q. Can Serotonin used in consciousness? Serotonin complements the action of noradrenalin and acetylcholine in promoting wakefulness and cortical responsiveness. Experiments pro

What does vacuoles do? It is an organelle, located in the cell's cytoplasm, which is the site of protein synthesis. It is really a protein having of 2 parts. These 2 "parts"

Alfred Sturtevant and Seymour Benzer's studies of recombination in both Drosophila and bacteriophage demonstrated which of the following? A. The gene is an indivisible unit and

does crossing over occur in all the homologous chromosomes???

Bud Dormancy - Plant Growth Substances Environmental Factors The most important factor inducing dormancy appears to be photoperiod. Short days induce dormancy in many w

TER A T OGEN S - These are chemicals or drugs causing malformed foetus . The production of monsters or malformed foetus is called tertogeny or teratogenesis . Th

Determine Minerals Requirements at high altitude? Increased urinary excretion of Nat and K + on exposure to hypoxia is reported while some workers have found only increase in

Are the phloem and the xylem made of living cells? The cells of phloem are living cells and the cells that constitute the xylem ducts are dead cells killed by the lignin deposi

Define Gonads and Reproductive System? With aging, there is decrease in pituitary hormone secretion causing decrease in gonadal hormone production, which causes number of chang

Q Show Rules followed by diabetic patients? A  "sick day" is any health problem diabetic patient may have. This could include a common cold, infection, diarrhoea, fever, injury