Estimating working capital requirements, Financial Management

ESTIMATING WORKING CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS

To facilitate, estimate the extent of working capital requirement of a firm, various factors are to be considered. There are various methods for estimating the working capital requirements of a firm.  They contain -

i)  Estimation of components of working capital method,

ii)  Percent of sales method and

iii)  Operating cycle method

1. Estimation of components of working capital method

As the concept of net working capital relates to the variation between current assets and current liabilities, estimation of both may provide the potential working capital requirement of the firm.

2. Percent of sales method

According to Percent of sales method, based on the past data, the relationship between sales and working capital is found out and expressed as a ratio.  The calculation and application of this ratio on estimated future sales will give the extent of working capital requirements of the firm.

3. Operating cycle method

Operating cycle is the time duration required to convert sales, after the conversion of resources into inventories and cash.  The  operating  cycle of a manufacturing co involves 3 segments -

i)  acquisition of resources like  raw labor, material, fuel and power 

ii) manufacture of the product that includes conversion of raw material into  work  in  process  and into finished goods, and

iii) sales of the product either for cash or credit.  Credit sales create book debts for collection (debtors).

The length  of  the  operating  cycle  of a  manufacturing co  is  the  sum  of - i)   inventory conversion period (ICP) and ii)   Book debts conversion period (BDCP). collectively, they are sometimes called as gross operating cycle (GOC). GOC = ICP + DCP

The Inventory conversion period is the entire time needed for producing and selling the product and includes - (a) raw material conversion time (RMCP), (b) work in process conversion period (WIPCP) and (c)  Finished good conversion period (FGCP).

ICP = RMCP + WIPCP + FGCP

The payables deferral period (PDP) is the length of time the firm is capable to defer payments on various resource purchases. The variation between the gross operating cycle and payables deferrals period is the net operating cycle (NOC).

NOC = GOC- Payables deferral period.

Posted Date: 10/16/2012 1:27:40 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Estimating working capital requirements, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Estimating working capital requirements, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Estimating working capital requirements Discussions

Write discussion on Estimating working capital requirements
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Organizational Structure of pension funds In an investment organization such as pension funds, endowments, life and casualty insurance companies, the central bank's investment

Determination of explicit cost of capital Approach of determination of explicit cost of capital is similar to the one used to ascertain IRR, with one difference, in case of co

Define the meaning of Overtrading When  a  company  is  trading  at  a  very  fast  pace,  it  would be  generating  sales  on  credit  with  speed, so have a large volume of t

Q. What is risk adjusted discount rate? The risk adjusted discount rate includes two rates viz (i) Risk-free rate: - Risk free rate is the usual rate or the usual discount r

After determining the expected cash flows and appropriate interest rate, the last step in the valuation process is to find the total PV of all cash flows. The PV

Swing Traders Swing trading is more or less similar to day trading except that swing traders will normally have a longer holding period during a working day. Swing traders also

Banks and brokerage firms are measured financial centers

How are foreign exchange transactions between international banks settled? Answer:  a network of correspondent banking relationships is known as the interbank market with large c

Best practice or functional benchmarking Compare an internal function to 'the best' however not necessarily an organisation in same industry for example compare administrati

how would you judge the potential profit of bajaj electronics on the first year of sales to booth plastics and give your suggestion regarding credit limit.Should it be approved or