Disorders of lower respiratory tract, Biology

DISORDERS OF LOWER RESPIRATORY TRACT:

The lower respiratory  tract infections  tend to occur most frequently in young children who have not developed resistance  to infectious disease. These problems may be diagnosed  in children of all ages. These  infections  include, brochiolitis bronchitis and pneumonia. We shall begin with bronchiotitis. 

Bronchiolitis

It is common in  infants under the age of six months. It is a serious  illness characterized by inflammation of bronchioles  causing  severe dyspnea  due  to obstruction to bronchioles. It is more or less confined to winter and early spring 

Etiology 

The exact cause is not clear but the etiological agent may be virus such as respiratory syncytical  virus, adenovirus  and influenza virus 

Signs and Symptoms 

There may be sudden severe dyspnea (rapid shallow breathing) following  a mild upper  respiratory infection  (URI),  fever, air hunger, cyanosis, respiratory acidosis and dehydration 

Diagnostic Evaluation 

Clinical presentation and good chest X-ray examination can be help to diagnosis  the brochiolitis. 

Management 

It is an emergency situation and the management is mostly symptomatic. Antibiotics may be given to prevent secondary infection.

Posted Date: 10/26/2012 8:01:54 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Disorders of lower respiratory tract, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Disorders of lower respiratory tract, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Disorders of lower respiratory tract Discussions

Write discussion on Disorders of lower respiratory tract
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
What gum conditions may result from a failure to remove plaque? Gingivitis (gum inflammation) and periodontal disease (infection of the socket) might be result from a failure t

application of apical dominace in horticulture and agriculture short notes

Q. What do you mean by Myocarditis? Myocarditis is defined as inflammation of the myocardium. The most common cause is Coxsackie B virus infection. But it can also be due to

Table provides you the classification of the living primates. The primate fossil history dates back to 60 million years i.e. to Paleocene times, more specifically to the cretaceous

Q. Explain about Diabetes Mellitus? Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by chronic hyperglycemia (increased sugar) with disturbances of carbohydrates, fats

LYSOSOMES Like mitochondrial lysosomes are also  typical membrane bound and dense  fluid filled sac  like cytoplasmic  organelles  of all eukaryotic cells these  however, diffe

Define Principle of Detection of Metanil Yellow? Non-permitted colours like lead chromate, metanil yellow, auramine, rhodamine B are used to brighten the foods especially spice

Insulators Numerous experiments showed that a transgene is generally poorly expressed when it contains a cDNA rather than the corresponding genomic DNA; when it is integrated a

During the course of a physiology laboratory, a student finds that her PR interval is 0.24 second. Concerned, she takes her own ECG again an hour later and sees an area of the ECG

Ecotone - Nature and Structure of Community The zone of vegetation separating two different types of communities is called ecotone. It is also known as a transition zone. The