Difference between productive and allocative efficiency, Macroeconomics

Explain the difference between productive and allocative ( economic ) efficiency.

  • Explanation of productive efficiency, e.g. output at AC minimum
  • Define to the effect that this shows that all factors (fixed and variable) are being utilised to the utmost efficiency when average costs are at the lowest point
  • Definition of allocative efficiency, e.g. P = MC
  • Explanation that allocative efficiency means that welfare is maximised - the firm is producing the last possible unit since the market price means that there is a demand for it at that price
  • illustrating both concepts using a unit cost picture (PCM)

 

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