Determine the joint cost, Cost Accounting

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Determine the Joint Cost

A company produces three products, Y1, Y2, and Y3 in the similar process.  The data below reflects average monthly results as:

 

Y1

Y2

Y3

Monthly output (kg)

40,000

20,000

20,000

Sales Value at split off (shs.)

0

30,000

105,000

Sales Value after Split off

45,000

100,000

155,000

Costs of further processing

20,000

40,000

65,000

The joint costs were Shs.100,000

Required 

Assign the joint cost employing the three methods employed to assigned joint costs.

Solution

(i)  Physical/Measurement/Unit Method

 

Y1

Y2

Y3

TOTAL

Physical Output: (Kg)

40,000

20,000

20,000

80,000

Proportion

50%

25%

25%

 

Joint costs allocated

50,000

25,000

25,000

 

(ii) Constant Gross Margin Rate Method

2043_Determine the Joint Cost.png

(iii) Net Realizable Value/Method

Net Realizable Value = Ultimate Sales Value - Separable Costs

 

Y1

Y2

Y3

TOTAL

Ultimate Sales Value:

45,000

100,000

155,000

 

Less: Separable Costs

(20,000)

(40,000)

(65,000)

 

Net Realizable Value:

25,000

60,000

90,000

175,000

Proportion on Net Realizable Value

14%

34%

52%

 

Allocation of Joint Costs:

14,000

34,000

52,000

100,000

 


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