Demand and supply of medical care, Biology

Demand and Supply of Medical Care

 

You have read in your course on microeconomics that demand is governed by the utility derived from the consumption of goods and services. This is true in case of demand for medical care also. Two related questions viz. why medical care is needed and whether the basic factors which go to influence the demand for medical care are relevant in this context. They help us to explain variations in utilisation of health services among population groups and between areas. It also enables forecasting the future health requirements more accurately.

Planning of health facilities is based on estimates of 'need' for medical care in the population. The reason for using 'need' as a basis of public policy for medical care is that it happens to be the principal determinant of hospital and physician use. From this point of view, need is defined as the amount of medical care that experts believe a person/population should receive to remain as healthy as possible. In developing countries like India, for every 5000 population residing in rural areas there is a norm that there should be a primary health centre (PHC). Such a norm is based on factors like existing conditions in the area, current medical knowledge, etc. Evidently, such factors are subject to change depending on developments in the
medical field and the local conditions.


Demand for health care can be viewed from two angles viz.

(i) The time devoted to preventive and curative measures of health care and

(ii) The cost of establishing the health care services which depends upon the infrastructural needs.

In the light of this, the demand for health care, like in education, acquires connotation both as a consumption good as well as an investment good. It is a consumption good because its consumption makes the consumer feel more able and better. It is an investment good because it helps in acquiring a state of health decreasing the number of sick days thereby increasing the quality of life.


Given the natural process of ageing, one of the important factors which influences the demand for health care is age. As the stock of health depreciates with age, people spend more on health care to offset the consequences of old age disabilities. However, such expenditures on medical care is strongly related to the income levels of persons. An yet another factor contributing to demand for health care is the educational level of persons. Education has a negative relationship with the
demand for health care as knowledge of health care reduces the incidence of disease which in turn leads to lower demand for health care.

Posted Date: 12/15/2012 5:17:42 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Demand and supply of medical care, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Demand and supply of medical care, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Demand and supply of medical care Discussions

Write discussion on Demand and supply of medical care
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Oogenesis in Mammals In mammals also the oogonial cells are derived from primordial germ cells. The multiplication phase, that is all of the oogonial divisions and transforma

MENSTRUAL CYCLE - It occurs only in Primates. Start at the age of 13 yrs. upto menopouse. During this period, generally one egg is released every 28 dyas or so alternately f

Ontogeny: This is the study of history of an individual. Ontogeny is also known as ontogenesis and morphogenesis. Ontogeny describes the origin or the development of an organism -

A fifth member of the monoamine transmitter group is histamine. That release histamine as their neurotransmitter is located in the hypothalamus and project to cerebral cortex, lim

Once the decision to start drug treatment of hypertension is made, the aim should be to provide 24 hour BP control, with agents that would encourage patient adherence. The patient

Explain Regulation of Water Balance for Cells in the kidneys? Cells in the kidneys respond to low blood pressure by releasing an enzyme called renin, which in turn causes the k

OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER (OCD): OCD is another common neurotic disorder seen in the hospital.  Definition  Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is  the disorder characte

BON E MARROW TRANSPLANT - It is transplanted to treat leukemia. Here, graft itself causes immune rejection. Before transplant, the recipient's bone marrow cells, incl

Maintaining the quality of frying oil  As frying continues, the level of oil in the fryer depletes. There are two beneficial frying fat quality factors affected during the fryi

The acidity and alkalinity (pH) of an environment has a strong influence on the activity and stability of macromolecules such as enzymes. These enzymes play an important role durin