Current cropping pattern - crop patterns , Microeconomics

Current Cropping Pattern:

It is evident from these data that foodgrains constitute the most dominant  crop group that is cultivated in India. It is estimated that total cropped area in the year 2003-04 is around 181 million hectares; the area under foodgrains constitutes more than 2/3rd of the gross cropped area.

Of the foodgrains, the major share goes to cereals. The cereals are cultivated on almost 80 per cent of the area under foodgrains; the remainder 20 per cent being used for producing pulses. The most dominant crop amongst foodgrains is paddy or rice, which was cultivated on more than 34 per cent of the total area under foodgrains and 42 per cent of the area under cereals. Wheat constitutes another major crop sown in India with more than 21 per cent of the area under foodgrains used for the cultivation of wheat alone. It may be added that among the coarse cereals bajara and jowar are the most important. Oilseeds constitute the most important crop group among the commercial or the non-foodgrain crops. Two other important crops in the category of non-foodgrain crops are cotton and sugar-cane. Tea, coffee and rubber are the only significant crops in the category of plantation crops with areas under each being around half a million hectares. Besides cotton, jute and mesta are the other two-three crops which have together about one million hectare of land under cultivation. In sum, the relative importance of foodgrain crops in India is far more than that of the non-foodgrain crops. As has been stated earlier, around 83 per cent of small and marginal farmers and around 68 per cent of the large farmers grow foodgrains. Consequently, only about 17 per cent of small and marginal farmers and about 32 per cent of the large farmers are engaged in growing commercial crops. In the case of small and marginal farmers with steadily declining size of land holding, subsistence farming may be one major reason for the predominance of food crops. In recent years because of the emergence of reverse tenancy (where small and marginal farmers lease-out land to the large farmers), the role of commercial crops among these farms may be an explanatory factor. It must, however, be noted that preference for foodgrain crops among large farmers may be partly explained in terms of the impact of yield growth and the existence of Minimum Support Price System which reduces the risk of farmers in the boom years. In the boom years, excess production need not be accompanied by distress sales at very low prices given the minimum support price system. It is equally important to note that in a large number of cases the tradition of growing foodgrain crops over a long time may be a factor contributing to its dominance.

Posted Date: 11/10/2012 6:31:25 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Current cropping pattern - crop patterns , Assignment Help, Ask Question on Current cropping pattern - crop patterns , Get Answer, Expert's Help, Current cropping pattern - crop patterns Discussions

Write discussion on Current cropping pattern - crop patterns
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
How are the limitations of the economics theory affected? Limitation of Economic Theory: While examining the generality of an economic theory, one must realize any assump

Q. What do you mean by Externality? An externality exists when the actions of one individual affect the wellbeing of other individuals without any compensation taking place. F

In an essay of at least four well-developed paragraphs, discuss U.S. economic policy. Be sure to include the following information in your essay: Compare and contrast the economi


clarify the opportunity cost theory

Balance of payments account: The foreign exchange market is an organizational setting within which individuals, business firms, banks etc buy and sell foreign currency. It has

Economies of Scope The ability of a organization to decrease its unit costs by producing two or more products or services that involve complementary skills, experience and


#qu3. An industry is composed of 20 firms, all with equal sales. The Herfendahl Index ratio in this industry is a. 1000 b. 500 c. 800 d. This cannot be determined from the informat

Long-Run Versus Short-Run Cost Curves What happens to average costs when both the inputs are variable versus only having one input that is variable (short run)? The Inflexi