This assignment is an exercise in implementing the queue ADT using a singly-linked list. This assignment also introduces the concept of templates.
This program creates and implements a class to represent the Queue ADT using a singly-linked list. A /driver program/ is provided for this assignment to test your implementation. You don't have to write the tests.
You will need to write one template structure and one template class for this assignment, called |QNode| and |Queue|. You will need to implement several methods and functions associated with these data types.
*Since these are both C++ templates and are closely related to each other, all of your code should be placed in a single header (|.h|) file.
This includes the implementations of all methods and any other associated functions.*
This template structure should have two data members: a member of the template parameter type to store an item to be inserted into the queue, and a pointer to a |QNode|. The pointer |next| will point to the next node in the linked list (or be |NULL| if this is the last node in the list).
Since the |Queue| class will need access to these data members, make them |public| (the default for a |struct|).
The structure should have one constructor that takes an argument of the template parameter type. Make this argument a reference to |const| data. The constructor should copy the argument into the queue node and set the node's pointer to |NULL|.
This class should have two data members, both pointers to |QNode|s. The pointer |qFront| will point to the front node in the queue (or be |NULL| if the queue is empty); the pointer |qRear| will point to the rear node in the queue (or be |NULL| if the queue is empty).
/Methods and associated functions/
The class should have a default constructor that takes no arguments. The constructor should set both pointer data members to |NULL|.
The class should have a destructor. The destructor can simply call the |clear()| method described below.
The class should also have a proper copy constructor. If you choose to make a copy of the linked list by using the push method, make sure you set both the front and rear pointers for the new queue to |NULL| before you attempt to insert any nodes into it.
The assignment operator should be properly overloaded.
The output operator should be overloaded so that an entire |Queue| can be sent to the standard output. As usual, this function will need to be a |friend| rather than a method. Declaring a template function to be a |friend| of a template class requires some special syntax - see the *Implementation Hints* below.
This method takes no arguments and returns nothing. It should properly set the queue back to the empty state. That means deleting all of the nodes in the queue and setting the front and rear pointers back to |NULL|.
This method takes no arguments and returns an integer. It should return the current size of the queue; i.e., the number of data items currently stored in the queue. Since this is not stored as a data member of the queue class, you will have to traverse the linked list and count the nodes.
Returns |true| if there are no data items currently stored in the queue; otherwise returns |false|.
This method takes no arguments and returns the template parameter type. If the queue is empty, this method should throw an |out_of_range| exception. Otherwise, it should return the data stored in the front node of the queue.
This method takes no arguments and returns the template parameter type. If the queue is empty, this method should throw an|out_of_range| exception. Otherwise, it should return the data stored in the rear node of the queue.
This method takes a reference to a constant item of the template parameter type as its argument (the item to insert into the queue).
It returns nothing. The method should insert the item at the rear of the queue.
This method takes no arguments and returns nothing. If the queue is empty, this method should throw an |out_of_range| exception.
Otherwise, it should remove the item at the front of the queue.
If you like, you may write |private| methods for the |Queue| class in addition to the methods described above. For example, you may want to write a |copyList()| method that can be called by both the copy constructor and overloaded assignment operator.