Command processor and user interface, Basic Computer Science

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Command Processor and User Interface:

To the user, the most important and visible services provided by the OS is the user interface and the capabilities that it provides to execute commands which may not be a part of OS.  

Instead these systems consider the user interface as a separate shell that is provided with the operating system and that interacts with the kernel to provide the necessary-user command  capabilities. In UNIX, three different shells, the C shell, the Bourne shell, and the Korn shell are in common use, and many other shells for UNIX are available. Each of these shells provides different command structures and different capabilities.  

Different types of user interface exist. The most common are the graphical user interface, or GUI, and the command line interface. The graphical user interface accepts commands primarily in the form of drop-down menus, mouse movements, and mouse clicks. The command line interface relies on typed commands which provide direct access to various methods within operating system such as File system, I/O system, and network services.

UNIX allows certain class of users called  superusers  to use some kind of commands for  changing the platform or access rights. Command languages extend the power and flexibilities of the operating system and simplify use of the system for less sophisticated users.  


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